Cryotherapy


Overview

Review Sections

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Cryotherapy    Cryotherapy

Cold application (cryotherapy) is the simplest and most commonly used method for treatment of acute musculoskeletal injury. Among chiropractic practitioners it is the most often utilized (94.5%) passive adjunctive therapy(1). The pathophysiological effects of cold have been well documented. Studies have shown that cold applications can reduce the metabolic rate of a tissue, decrease pain and swelling, and reduce muscle spasm(2). Most health care practitioners are taught to use ice therapy for treatment of bruises, strains, sprains, or muscle tears and most are familiar with the rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) principle following acute soft tissue injury, yet there is little agreement in the literature on the optimum application technique for such care.

(1) Christensen MG, Kollasch MW. Job analysis of chiropractic 2005, Greeley, CO: National Board of Chiropractic Examiners: 2005

(2) Knight KL. Cryotherapy in Sports Injury Management. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1995

Literature Reviews

Cryotherapy: A Review of the Literature

Cryotherapy: A Review of the Literature



Daniel A. Martinez, MA, DC, Research Scientist;



Cold application (cryotherapy) is the simplest and most commonly used method for treatment of acute musculoskeletal injury. Among chiropractic practitioners it is the most often utilized (94.5%) passive adjunctive therapy. The pathophysiological effects of cold have been well documented. Studies have shown that cold applications can reduce the metabolic rate of a tissue, decrease pain and swelling, and reduce muscle spasm. Most health care practitioners are taught to use ice therapy for treatment of bruises, strains, sprains, or muscle tears and most are familiar with the rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) principle following acute soft tissue injury, yet there is little agreement in the literature on the optimum application technique for such care.

Parker College of Chiropractic Research Institute

 |  Published On
February 4, 2008

Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) Information

MeSH Term: Cryotherapy

Scope Note: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

MeSH Synonyms:
  • Cryotherapy
  • Cryotherapies
  • Therapy, Cold
  • Cold Therapies
  • Therapies, Cold
  • Cold Therapy
Applicable MeSH Subheadings:
  • adverse effects
  • analysis
  • blood
  • chemically induced
  • classification
  • complications
  • contraindications
  • economics
  • epidemiology
  • ethics
  • etiology
  • history
  • instrumentation
  • metabolism
  • methods
  • mortality
  • nursing
  • organization and administration
  • pharmacology
  • physiology
  • psychology
  • standards
  • statistics and numerical data
  • supply and distribution
  • therapeutic use
  • therapy
  • trends
  • utilization
  • veterinary
See Related MeSH Terms:

Informative Links

Current Clinical Trials Relating to  Cryotherapy

ClinicalTrials.gov: Provides patients, family members, and members of the public easy and free access to information on clinical studies for a wide range of diseases and conditions.

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