Tension-Type Headache


Overview

Articles

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Review Sections

(18)
Tension-Type Headache Icon    Tension-Type Headache

A common primary headache disorder, characterized by a dull, non-pulsatile, diffuse, band-like (or vice-like) PAIN of mild to moderate intensity in the HEAD; SCALP; or NECK. The subtypes are classified by frequency and severity of symptoms. There is no clear cause even though it has been associated with MUSCLE CONTRACTION and stress. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

Clinical Reviews

Episodic Tension-type Headache: Prevention



Headache may be the most common physical complaint of mankind. Of the headache types, the bulk of research has addressed migraine headache. Far less attention has been paid to episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) although its one year prevalence in the United States has been estimated at 38% compared to approximately 12% for migraine.

Episodic Tension-type Headache: Diagnosis



The International Headache Society (IHS) has classified headaches into two broad categories, primary and secondary. Primary headaches are headaches with no known organic cause and are classified into 4 groups 1) migraine 2) tension-type 3) cluster and 4) other primary headaches (1). The subject of this paper, episodic tension-type headache (ETTH), is one of three sub-categories of tension-type headache. The others being chronic tension-type headache and probable tension-type headache.

Episodic Tension-type Headache: Therapy



Information relating to the treatment of episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) is limited. Most studies address chronic tension type-headache (CTTH) or do not differentiate between headache types. For the purpose of this review and assigned ratings, studies on CTTH and non differentiated tension type headache (TTH) will be included when the author feels the information may be appropriate for ETTH. Whenever CTTH or TTH references are used they will be duly noted.

Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) Information

MeSH Term: Tension-Type Headache

Scope Note: A common primary headache disorder, characterized by a dull, non-pulsatile, diffuse, band-like (or vice-like) PAIN of mild to moderate intensity in the HEAD; SCALP; or NECK. The subtypes are classified by frequency and severity of symptoms. There is no clear cause even though it has been associated with MUSCLE CONTRACTION and stress. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

MeSH Synonyms:
  • Tension-Type Headache
  • Headache, Tension-Type
  • Headaches, Tension-Type
  • Tension Type Headache
  • Tension-Type Headaches
  • Idiopathic Headache
  • Headache, Idiopathic
  • Headaches, Idiopathic
  • Idiopathic Headaches
  • Stress Headache
  • Headache, Stress
  • Headaches, Stress
  • Stress Headaches
  • Tension Headache
  • Headache, Tension
  • Headaches, Tension
  • Tension Headaches
  • Psychogenic Headache
  • Headache, Psychogenic
  • Headaches, Psychogenic
  • Psychogenic Headaches
  • Tension-Vascular Headache
  • Headache, Tension-Vascular
  • Headaches, Tension-Vascular
  • Tension Vascular Headache
  • Tension-Vascular Headaches
Applicable MeSH Subheadings:
  • analysis
  • anatomy and histology
  • blood
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • chemically induced
  • classification
  • complications
  • diagnosis
  • diagnostic imaging
  • diet therapy
  • drug therapy
  • economics
  • enzymology
  • epidemiology
  • ethnology
  • etiology
  • genetics
  • history
  • immunology
  • metabolism
  • nursing
  • organization and administration
  • pathology
  • physiology
  • physiopathology
  • prevention and control
  • psychology
  • radiotherapy
  • rehabilitation
  • statistics and numerical data
  • surgery
  • therapy
  • urine

Informative Links

Current Clinical Trials Relating to  Tension-Type Headache

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