Asthma


Overview

Articles

(6)

Review Sections

(23)
Asthma Icon    Asthma

Asthma is a multifactorial disease that is not well understood and can have a variety of risk factors. In the United States it affects over 22 million people, results in 4000 deaths annually (1) and is responsible for 200,000 hospitalizations annually (2). Of additional concern is the observation that the number of asthma cases has doubled in the United States since 1980 (3). Considering the fact that standard asthma treatment protocols only address symptom reduction and do not resolve the condition, prevention is the most viable treatment option.

It is important to note the conclusions made by Saglani and Bush review of the origins of asthma. It was stated that "the roots of asthma are to be found in the first three years of life…By age 3, the die is cast and lung function tracks lifelong" (4).

(1) Balkissoon R. Asthma overview. Prim Care 2008 Mar;35(1):41-60, vi.; (2) Michael MA. Scope and impact of pediatric asthma. Nurse Pract 2002 Jun;Suppl:3-6.; (3) Redd SC. Asthma in the United States: burden and current theories. Environ Health Perspect 2002 Aug;110 Suppl 4:557-60.; (4) Saglani S, Bush A. The early-life origins of asthma. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2007 Feb;7(1):83-90.

Clinical Reviews

Asthma: Prevention



Unlike many conditions there is a wealth of information relating to risk factors and prevention strategies for asthma. The difficulty is in choosing an appropriate strategy for your unique patient. Asthma is a multifactorial disease that is not well understood and can have a variety of risk factors. In the United States it affects over 22 million people, results in 4000 deaths annually (1) and is responsible for 200,000 hospitalizations annually (2). Of additional concern is the observation that the number of asthma cases has doubled in the United States since 1980 (3). Considering the fact that standard asthma treatment protocols only address symptom reduction and do not resolve the condition, prevention is the most viable treatment option.

Asthma: Therapy



The use of complementary therapies in the treatment of asthma is quite remarkable. Sixty percent of individuals with moderate asthma and 70% of individuals with severe asthma have sought additional treatment to complement the traditional medical model. A wide variety of conservative interventions were located for the treatment of asthma. Unfortunately most studies for individual interventions are either limited in number or of limited quality. Although most therapies have a clinical basis of evidence, support in the scientific literature is weak. Most authors emphasize the urgent need for additional study in this understudied yet extremely important area of health care. Virtually all conservative interventions are tested while the patient is maintaining regular medical care.

Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) Information

MeSH Term: Asthma

Scope Note: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

MeSH Synonyms:
  • Asthma
  • Asthmas
  • Bronchial Asthma
  • Asthma, Bronchial
Applicable MeSH Subheadings:
  • analysis
  • anatomy and histology
  • blood
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • chemically induced
  • classification
  • complications
  • congenital
  • diagnosis
  • diagnostic imaging
  • diet therapy
  • drug effects
  • drug therapy
  • economics
  • embryology
  • enzymology
  • epidemiology
  • ethnology
  • etiology
  • genetics
  • history
  • immunology
  • legislation and jurisprudence
  • metabolism
  • microbiology
  • mortality
  • nursing
  • organization and administration
  • parasitology
  • pathology
  • physiology
  • physiopathology
  • prevention and control
  • psychology
  • radiotherapy
  • rehabilitation
  • statistics and numerical data
  • surgery
  • therapy
  • urine
  • veterinary
  • virology
See Related MeSH Terms:

Informative Links

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MayoClinic.com Asthma Information



Mayo Clinic Health Solutions' award-winning consumer Web site offers health information and self-improvement tools. MayoClinic.com's medical experts and editorial professionals bring you access to the knowledge and experience of Mayo Clinic for all your consumer health information needs, from cancer, diabetes and heart disease to nutrition, exercise and pregnancy.
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MedlinePlus: Asthma



MedlinePlus will direct you to information to help answer health questions. MedlinePlus brings together authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations.

Current Clinical Trials Relating to  Asthma

ClinicalTrials.gov: Provides patients, family members, and members of the public easy and free access to information on clinical studies for a wide range of diseases and conditions.

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth


(Status: Active, not recruiting)

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Reduce IDentified UNcontrolled Asthma


(Status: Active, not recruiting)

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Asthma in Central Texas Project


(Status: Completed)

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Teen Asthma Project


(Status: Completed)

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Asthma Action at Erie Trial


(Status: Active, not recruiting)

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The Electronic Asthma Management System


(Status: Not yet recruiting)

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European Cost of Asthma Treatment


(Status: Completed)

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ATP Project (Asthma afTer Polypectomy)


(Status: Unknown status)

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Supporting Asthma Management Behaviors in Aging Adults


(Status: Active, not recruiting)

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Detroit Young Adult Asthma Project


(Status: Recruiting)

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"SEVERE ASTHMA" in the COMMUNITY


(Status: Unknown status)

100 Clinical Trials Returned