ChiroACCESS Article



Chiropractic Technique Summary: Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT)



This information is provided to you for use in conjunction with your clinical judgment and the specific needs of the patient.

Charles L. Blum, DC

  

SOTO-USA



Published on

July 13, 2011

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HISTORY
 
S.O.T. or Sacro Occipital Technique was discovered and developed by Major Bertrand DeJarnette.  Born on December 23, 1899 Major DeJarnette was raised in Havelock, Nebraska.  In high school he considered a career in mechanical and design engineering and earned a four-year scholarship as an apprentice in the field of experimental engineering.  In 1918 he moved to Detroit, Michigan to pursue a career in the automobile industry.  After an explosion in the factory left him severely crippled, he discovered the osteopathy as a possible way to restore his health.  He traveled to the Dearborn College of Osteopathy in Elgin, Illinois for treatment.  Due to his limited financial resources DeJarnette decided to enroll in the college since there was no charge for students to receive treatments. 
 
After his graduation DeJarnette returned to Lincoln, Nebraska.  However still suffering from serious back problems he met a chiropractor who convinced him to receive chiropractic care. So “the Major” similarly chose to attend chiropractic college as an economical manner to received chiropractic care and decided to enroll in the Nebraska College of Chiropractic where he received his degree in 1924.
 
Due to his inquisitive mind DeJarnette incorporated his engineering background and studied the works of many of the leaders of both the osteopathic and chiropractic professions.  He felt that there were several contradictions and inadequacies within the professions as well as in his own practice.  He began dividing his time between the actual practice of chiropractic and the researching of its principles.  For the next 60+ years, until his death in 1992 Major Bertrand DeJarnette continually researched and perfected his chiropractic techniques and their physiological implications.  His body of printed materials, including technique manuals, philosophical discourses, and research papers is unparalleled in the profession.

PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES
 
His definitive works, the 1984 Sacro Occipital Technique Manual, 1981 Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique, and the 1979-80 Cranial Technique Manual are the culminations of his years of research and patient care.  In these manuals he narrowed down patterns of whole body imbalance into three distinct categories, allowing the chiropractor to determine mode of care necessary for a specific patient presentation.  This category system recognizes that human structures have specific patterns of imbalance.  By generalizing patients into three categories DeJarnette developed methods of determining three identifiable, yet interrelated, systems of body reaction.  Through the use of specific indicators, the location and correction of these three generalized body patterns could be begin to be reliably assessed. Utilizing an outcome assessment system of pre and post treatment tests could then be applied to evaluate need for care, whether the care rendered is appropriate, and if the intervention was successful.
 
DeJarnette believed that:  “Distortions are massive muscular efforts which result in specific and localized fixations.  These fixations act as a source of nerve stimulus to other muscles until the body reaches an impasse.  They result from a primary area of segmental neuron stimuli but by the time you see the patient, so many things have happened that it is difficult to make an effort to locate the basic area of subluxation.”  S.O.T is therefore designed to assist the chiropractor in locating and correcting a primary pattern of body distortion.  This is accomplished through evaluation of indicators (pre, during and post treatment), applying basic anatomical/physiological principles, and utilizing novel chiropractic interventions unique to SOT.
 
The three-category system stemmed from DeJarnette’s engineering and anatomical background.  His study of anatomy helped him investigate the two aspects of the sacroiliac joint, which has an anterior synovial portion and a posterior hyaline cartilage portion.  While the sacroiliac joint is one joint the anterior aspect should have motion and this is where sacral nutation and counternutation takes place.  On the other hand the posterior sacroiliac joint is focused on weightbearing stability and support, which is why at the posterior joint surface there are interlocking of the ridges, and grooves (form closure) as well as compressive forces by structures like muscles, ligaments and fascia (force closure).  DeJarnette’s engineering principles evaluated the weightbearing characteristics of the sacroiliac joint and determined that when the joint could not adequately support body weight then load bearing stress will be moved superiorward to the L5/S1 and L4/5 discs, most commonly.
 
Category I deals with the primary respiratory motion between the sacrum and occiput.  This is described typically as pelvic torsion with altered sacral nutation.  When pelvic torsion is sufficient to disrupt the anterior aspect of the sacroiliac joint, the normal sacral nutation can be affected.  The spinal and cranial meningeal and CSF systems function to a degree like a closed kinematic chain.  Therefore the sacral meningeal attachments and reduced sacral nutation can have an affect cranialward to the spinal column and cranial regions, causing meningeal altered tensions, CSF stagnation, and altered vasomotor function. 
 
Category II involves instability of the sacro-iliac joint causing a dysfunctional relationship between the sacrum and its corresponding ilium.  The sacroiliac weight-bearing whole body pattern of imbalance causes proprioceptive compromise due to loss of the body to maintain itself against gravity.  This stresses the whole body and can involve the spinal column, extremities, TMJ, and cranial sutural system.  When Category II system of stress load accommodation reaches a threshold and can no longer compensate for the increased gravitational load this may lead to Category III.
 
Category III represents the body’s inability to maintain sufficient weightbearing at the posterior sacroiliac joint and can commonly lead to lower lumbosacral discopathy.  DeJarnette described this category relating to nerve root compression or stretch syndrome due to direct involvement of the cartilaginous (discs) joints of the spine.  He also determined that related muscles such as the piriformis and psoas need to be considered in both assessment and treatment and that sciatic nerve irritation was a common feature of this category.
 
To DeJarnette SOT is considered a paradigm for health care. This SOT paradigm guides and helps us focus care directly and orderly to the patient, helping to release vertebral, visceral, extremity, and cranial distortions which affect whole body anatomy and physiology.
 
The main corrective mechanisms employed in the correction of these subluxation patterns are pelvic blocks and hands-on adjusting techniques.  The specificity and flexibility of SOT allows the chiropractor to choose either low force or standard HVLA adjusting techniques based on the needs and condition of the patient.  SOT acknowledges the various forms and implications of nervous system dysfunction, including: structural, dural/meningeal, viscersomatic, and tonal subluxations by addressing each of these specifically in its adjusting protocols and procedures. 
 
Aside from its category analysis and treatment, SOT has various techniques novel to its care and is not an exclusionary chiropractic technique.  Rather it offers guidelines and direction to those practicing its various methods through a system of diagnostic indicators and pre and post evaluation tests.  These indictors could also be considered outcome assessment tools helping to determine positional or directional preferences and the effectiveness of the care rendered. This expansive mode of care includes methods can be used to:
  • Adjust vertebral segments
  • Affect the musculoskeletal system through wedges or blocks
  • Affect viscerosomatic reflexes and the viscera
  • Adjust the extremities
  • Affect the myofascial system of the body
  • Affect cranial bone dynamics
  • Affect craniospinal meningeal balance
  • Affect treatment of the pregnant woman, neonatal and pediatric patient

Adjusting Vertebral Segments


While DeJarnette presented some specific guides to manual articular adjustments with regards to lumbar, thoracic, and cervical vertebra, the definitive SOT method of correction is not limited to any one specific mode of osseous correction.  In SOT there are various systems of diagnosis such as trapezius fibers, occipital fibers, R + C factors, and vasomotor adjustments.  In each case, the system of diagnosis leads you to the vertebra and gives you an indication of the vertebral involvement and sometimes the direction of its malposition or subluxation.  The method of correction is up to the doctor and can involve a diversified, Gonstead, activator, or any other possible method to affect that vertebral segment.  When the specific vertebral segment is adjusted properly then the indicator will no longer be present and success of correction can be accurately determined.
 

Affect the Musculoskeletal System through Wedges or Blocks

DeJarnette developed the use of pelvic blocks to affect pelvic and whole body distortions in an extremely non-traumatic manner.  He also developed a series of treatments using the blocks or wedges to affect the patient and by utilizing gravity as the slow force of correction.  SOT orthopedic block placements can be applied under the rib cage, clavicle, lumbars, thoracics, knees, and in various directional positions.  Aside from very specific manner of placement with the SOT category one, two and three distortions, the orthopedic block placement allows for the position of the blocks in any manner, which favorably affects SOT indicators.


Affect Viscerosomatic Reflexes and the Viscera

SOT has various methods of affecting the viscerosomatic and somatovisceral component of a subluxation complex.  The procedures for diagnosing and treating the vertebra, viscera and its neurological reflex arch are called “Bloodless Surgery” or CMRT (Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique).  CMRT was originally called bloodless surgery but was updated when DeJarnette changed its name to CMRT in the 1960s. Bloodless surgery offers a multitude of treatment options and allows all types of visceral manipulation to fit into the SOT chiropractic mode of treatment.  In complex conditions where the patient does not respond to CMRT procedures, other forms of treatment (including visceral manipulation and nutritional support) are indicated.  Therefore, any forms of visceral manipulation can be part of SOT Bloodless Surgery (CMRT) treatment.


Adjusting the Extremities

DeJarnette developed a specific protocol for treating a whole body distortion pattern when initiated by the extremities.  Not just another method of treating a single extra-vertebral joint, SOT extremity technique involves a specific formula of treatment protocol beginning with evaluation of the hip, knee, ankle and foot, then shifting to the scapula, shoulder, elbow and wrist and ends with upper cervicals.  While DeJarnette presents several effective methods of treating the extremities, any other extremity technique could also be used.  In the context of SOT extremity technique the goal is to determine the condition of the extremity and then make corrections as necessary.


Affect on the Myofascial System of the Body

The myofascia (soft tissue) affects and is affected by the vertebra, ribs, extremities, viscera and cranium.  The fascia often reflects a historical record of the patient’s entire life experience.  Due to fixed patterns of distortion in the fascia, subluxations of the vertebra, ribs, extremities, viscera and cranium can persist regardless of repeated treatment to the osseous or visceral component.  Therefore, SOT has various soft tissue treatments such as psoas, iliofemoral, SOTO, cervical sutural and other techniques that augment SOT osseous manipulation and treatment.  All forms of soft tissue manipulation and treatment can fall into the SOT treatment protocol as long as they are appropriate for condition and SOT category receiving treatment at that time.


Affecting Cranial Bone Dynamics

There are various systems of cranial bone manipulation, the majority of which are philosophically based on Dr. William Garner Sutherland osteopathic cranial techniques.  DeJarnette studied under Sutherland his osteopathic cranial techniques create the basis for SOT cranial technique.  SOT cranial techniques have indicators that fit into a framework of care which relate to the SOT category diagnosis of the body.  Therefore, with SOT, cranial techniques have a specific place and are used to enhance craniospinal meningeal dynamics, cranial suture mobility, and temporomandibular balance as well as a multitude of related conditions.  All the various cranial techniques such as osteopathic cranial manipulation and craniosacral therapy can be used during SOT cranial manipulative treatments.  SOT cranial technique incorporates any cranial technique that can safely affect the patient’s anatomy or physiology.  Since there are several ways that cranial bones can be influenced, there are also a multitude of effective cranial techniques, which can be used in this process.  SOT cranial techniques allows for this limitless option while giving specific indicators to evaluate the effectiveness of the cranial treatments.


Affect on Craniospinal Meningeal Balance

The craniospinal meningeal system incorporates myoligamentous dural interconnections all the way from the occipital to the sacrum.  Strong dural attachments are found in the cranium and sacral regions and these osseous attachments are profoundly affected by SOT category treatment and cranial techniques.  Various SOT procedures affect meningeal tension and the vascular system in the spinal (vasomotor) and cranium (venous sinuses).  Any technique that would reduce “twisting,” “torque,” or balance tension in the craniospinal meningeal system could be a part of the SOT method of care.  The SOT methods of diagnosis help the doctor determine these meningeal imbalances as well as determine the effectiveness of care and need for follow up.


Affect Treatment of the Pregnant Woman, Neonatal and Pediatric Patient

Due to the non-traumatic nature of treatment offered by the pelvic blocks, SOT for the pregnant woman allows treatment of sacroiliac sprains, common in the last trimester, with little if any contraindications.  There are no abrupt movements, twisting, nor strong forces generated to the pelvis or lumbar regions.  SOT pediatric care is a complete method of care spanning neonatal through the early teens.  Obviously, the treatment varies during the age of the child but incorporated are a myriad of SOT and SOT cranial techniques modified for use in a very gentle yet effective manner.  All cranial techniques can be part of the SOT protocol and these can relate to conditions such as, ADHD, otitis media, craniosynostosis, birth trauma, and many others.
 

TECHNIQUE
 
All 50 states within the United States accept SOT for re-licensing credit of chiropractors nationally.  All 50 states, within the United States, allow SOT as part of the scope of practice of chiropractors in their state.  Most chiropractic colleges nationwide have had SOT as part of either their undergraduate or postgraduate programs.
 
The following three specific issues also point to SOT being considered as one standard form of chiropractic treatment within the field of chiropractic.
 
  1. A 2005 Job Analysis of Chiropractic published by the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners and its relationship to SOT.

  2. The Mercy Guidelines evaluation of SOT’s major form of treatment the pelvic blocks.

  3. Various articles published in peer review literature that discuss chiropractic “named” techniques which all include SOT as one of the major chiropractic techniques.


Job Analysis of Chiropractic


The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) published a Job Analysis of Chiropractic.  The Job Analysis was first published in 1993; 1994, 2000, and the NBCE released a companion volume that included a state-by-state statistical report on chiropractic practice.  The “Job Analysis 2005”, is considered the largest and most comprehensive as compared to all prior volumes. [1]
 
The project director, author and editor of all three volumes was Mark Christensen, PhD, the director of testing for the NBCE.  To gather the necessary information for Job Analysis 2005, 2,100 U.S. doctors of chiropractic who completed the final “Survey of Chiropractic Analysis”.  This selection process was designed to provide reliable data at the state and national level. [1]
 
With regard to the section of the study entitled “the most utilized chiropractic adjustive techniques/ procedures adjustive” SOT fared as follows:
 

“% of DC's Utilizing SOT in 1991:        41.3%

  % of DC's Utilizing SOT in 1998:        49.0%”

  % of DC's Utilizing SOT in 2005:        49.6%” [1]

 

The Mercy Guidelines 


The "Guidelines for Chiropractic Quality Assurance and Practice Parameters," [2] also know as the Mercy Guidelines, was for most of the 1990s considered the accepted guidelines for chiropractic healthcare.  While the majority of the SOT related literature published in the peer review literature was published following the review of the authors, their review still came to specific determinations regarding SOT's major treatment modality, the pelvic blocks.  Using Kaminsky's [3] method of analysis for chiropractic methods and techniques the Mercy review committee determined the following regarding SOT "Pelvic Blocks":
 
Pelvic Blocks:  These paired wedges are used primarily for positioning the lumbosacral and sacroiliac joints to produce a sustained stretch.  This procedure is in fairly common use, and there is reasonable rationale and expert opinion on its utility in certain situations. [2]
 
Rating: Promising for the care of patients with neuromusculoskeletal problems. [2]
 
Evidence: Class III - Evidence provided by expert legal opinion, descriptive studies or case reports. [2]
 
Consensus Level: 1 - Established: Accepted as appropriate by the practicing chiropractic community for the given indication in the specified patient population. [2]
 
There has been a great deal of literature published following the publication of the Mercy Guidelines as well as other SOT published literature that was not available at the time of review.  Therefore while the consensus level could not possibly be any higher, the evidence level certainly would be. 
 

Chiropractic Named Techniques 


Chiropractic researchers have attempted to evaluate and discuss various “named” chiropractic techniques.  In all efforts to evaluate named techniques, SOT is always one method that is listed, and commonly considered a major form of care in chiropractic. [4-8]  While the majority of these studies have not had full access to the SOT published literature, SOTO-USA has attempted to remedy that situation recently. The most current text by Gleberzon and Cooperstein on “Named” Chiropractic Techniques [8] treats SOT quite favorably, yet even this text was written without access to all published studies on SOT related treatment. 
 
One study performed by a review of the Applied Chiropractic Department, at Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, completed in 1998, involving faculty, clinicians and students, “revealed that 87% of students are in favor of more exposure to named techniques.”[5]  It was determined that 53% of the students had interest in learning Sacro Occipital Technique [5], which is similar to the NBCE study. [1]

References

1.  Christensen M, Kollasch MW, 2005 Job Analysis of Chiropractic, National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Greely: CO, 2005. Chapter 10: 135. [http://www.nbce.org/publications/pub_analysis_chap.html]
 
2.  Haldeman S, Chapman-Smith D, Peterson DM,  Guidelines for Chiropractic Quality Assurance and Practice Parameters: Proceedings of the Mercy Center Consensus Conference,  Aspen Publisher, Inc.: Gaithersburg, Maryland;  1993: 106-8.
 
3.  Kaminski M, Validation of Chiropractic MethodsJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1987; 110(2): 61-4.
 
4.   Gleberzon BJ, Chiropractic Name Techniques in Canada: A Continued Look at Demographic Trends and Their Impact on Issues of Jurisprudence J Can Chiropr Assoc 2002; 46(4): 241-56.
 
5.   Gleberzon BJ, Incorporating Named Techniques into a Chiropractic College Curriculum: A Compilation of Investigative Reports   The Journal of Chiropractic Education  2000;14(1): 33-4.
 
6.   Bergmann TF,  Various Forms of Chiropractic Technique ,Chiropractic Technique May 1993; 5(2):53-5.
 
7.  Peterson DH, Bergmann TE, Chiropractic Technique: Principles and Procedures, 2nd Edition, Mosby: St. Louis, MO, 2002:460-2, 497, 499.
 
8.  Cooperstein R, Gleberzon BJ, Technique Systems in Chiropractic Churchill Livingstone: New York, NY April 2004:123-36, 209-20, 300-1.
 
 
TRAINING
 
SOT is offered at many of the chiropractic colleges in their standard technique package, as an elective/selective and in a postgraduate format.  SOTO-USA has a complete certification program that is offered both through individual regional seminars as well as through the post-graduate departments of New York Chiropractic College (NYCC), Southern California University of Health Sciences (SCUHS), and Northwestern Health Sciences University . 
 
Our regional seminar program offers individual SOT courses taught by our certified instructors for those who want to learn the basics of SOT as well as those seeking certification.  These courses are offered at varying times throughout the country.  You can check out the Events and Seminar page on our website at www.soto-usa.org for course listings.  Our pediatric programs are offered in conjunction with the ICPA and the Level I spinal and cranial courses are offered internationally through the ICPA, see course listings at www.icpa4kids.com.  The final pediatric certification course is offered by SOTO-USA only.
 
There are four certification levels: certified SOT practitioner (CSP) which requires 40 hours of accredited course work, certified SOT cranial practitioner which requires a (CSP) plus and additional 40 hours of accredited course work, certified TMJ practitioner (CTMJP) which will have approximately 48 hours of accredited course work, and a certified SOT pediatric practitioner which can be taken separately and requires 32 accredited hours.
 
Our basic SOT spinal adjusting program is a 20-hour program that is taught in two weekends and includes the anatomy, physiology and philosophy of SOT as well as all evaluation and adjusting procedures for the spine and pelvis.  Classes to treat specific extremity distortion patterns and viscerosomatic/somatovisceral reflex imbalance (Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique – CMRT) are part of the CSP certification. Cranial courses can be taken individually dependent on the practitioners needs and each covers a specific area of cranial corrective procedures.  Only licensed DC’s or students are allowed to take our SOT courses.
 
 
GOALS
 
SOTO-USA is a (501 c3) nonprofit organization formed to promote the awareness, understanding and utilization of the Sacro Occipital Technique method of chiropractic as founded and developed by Dr. Major Bertrand DeJarnette.  Our main goals are to educate and instruct chiropractors in the philosophy, art and science of Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) and to promote evidence informed, clinically significant advances in chiropractic and SOT technique. 

In a continuing effort to offer the latest information in addition to the Clinical Symposium, SOTO-USA offers special opportunities for hands-on teaching of Sacro Occipital Technique to licensed chiropractors and chiropractic students.  SOTO-USA has annual research conferences where doctors in clinical practice can learn how to write and present their findings in a profession research format both in conference proceedings at with platform presentations in front of peers for review and questions.  SOTO-USA has regularly contributed to chiropractic and interdisciplinary research conferences to support both chiropractic and further investigate SOT and its related methodologies.
 
SOTO - USA looks to not only lead the chiropractic profession into the 21st century but to champion the concept that through understanding and cooperation between all disciplines, excellence in patient care can be achieved.  For example, SOTO-USA is the only chiropractic-based organization in the American Alliance of TMD Organization [www.TMDAlliance.org] an alliance of primarily dental organizations (17,000 members) treating patients with TMJ disorders.  To SOTO-USA future of chiropractic and healthcare will take place with interdisciplinary and co-management of patients in cooperation with our allied healthcare partners.
 
 
EVIDENCE
 
For Major Bertrand DeJarnette, DO, DC, research was an essential part of being a chiropractor and essential to the future of the chiropractic profession.  As early as July 1935 Major Bertrand DeJarnette was a featured speaker at the 40th Anniversary Convention 1895-1935 of the National Chiropractic Association presenting clinical research. 
 
Always research was his passion and in an interview in 1982 DeJarnette reiterated, “as far back as chiropractic college, I saw the need for a more scientific basis for chiropractic theory.  My own personal physical problems had not been solved by medicine, osteopathy, or chiropractic; so I began experimenting on myself.  I’m still at it, and I can see no end of the need for continuous research in chiropractic 1.”
 
“Research is a study of what you have, and what you need to make it better, and how to make it better is the final research step. S.O.T. never wants to be just good. It always wants to be better and best and greatest and most dependable 3.”
 
1.  DeJarnette MB.  CornerstoneThe American Chiropractor.  Jul/Aug 1982;82: 22,23,28,34.
2.  DeJarnette MB. The Sacro Occipital Technique Bulletin. Mar 1975.
3.  DeJarnette MB. The Sacro Occipital Technique Bulletin. Mar 1978: 2-3.

 
SOT RELATED PUBLICATIONS:
 
The following are SOT related publications in peer review journals, chiropractic or interdisciplinary research conferences, non-peer review journals, and proceedings from the Annual SOT Research Conferences.  These articles either directly relate to SOT patient management or support the use of cranial, TMJ, and pelvic block related assessments and treatments. 
 
SOTO-USA has gathered all the full text SOT or cranial peer reviewed articles into two compendiums one for literature from 1984-2000 and another from 2000-2005.  We are currently working on the compendium from 2005-2010 and expect to have it published by 2012.  Along with our annual SOT Research Conference Proceedings they are also sent complementary to all chiropractic colleges nationally in the United States.  Other research compilations and an assortment of SOT books can be found in the bookstore at www.soto-usa.org.
 
Peer Reviewed Journals:
 
Blum CL. An Overview of The Development of Chiropractic Cranial Therapy – Terminology Matters. Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research. May 30, 2011:23-5.
 
Blum CL. Advertising, Evidence & Expertise in the Care of Pediatric Patients: Commentary. Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health – Chiropractic. 2010;4: 163 -7. 
 
Blum CL. The relationship between the pelvis and stomatognathic system: A position statement. J Vert Sublux Res. 2010 Mar (3): 1-3.
 
Stome-McCory PA, Boutilier A, Black P. Resolution of otitis media in a nine month old undergoing chiropractic are: a case study and selective review of the literature. J Pediatr Matern & Fam Health - Chiropr. 2010 (3):99-106.

Alcantara J, Doucet J. Improvement in a pediatric patient with cranioosynostosis undergoing chiropractic care [case report]. J Pediatr Matern & Fam Health - Chiropr. 2010 (2): 35-40.
Whedon JM. Cerebrospinal fluid stasia and its clinical significance. Altern Ther Health Med. 2009;15 (3):54-60.

Pohlman KA, Hondras MA, Long CR, Haan AG. Practice patterns of doctors of chiropractic with a pediatric diplomate`a cross-sectional survey. BMC Complement Altern Med 2010; 10:26.
Postles A, Haavik Taylor H, Holt K. Changes in asthma symptoms and bedwetting in a four year old child receiving chiropractic care: A case report. Chiropr J Aust. 2010 Mar;40(1):34-6.
 
Mykietiuk C, Wambolt M, Pillipow T, Mallay C, Gleberzon BJ. Technique Systems used by post-1980 graduates of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College practicing in five Canadian provinces: a preliminary survey. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2009 Mar;53(1):32-9.
 
Blum CL. Letter to the Editor. To the Editor: [Alcantara J, Doucet J. Improvement in a Pediatric Patient with Craniosynostosis Undergoing Chiropractic Care. JPMFH April 15, 2010; 35-40.] J Pediatric Maternal & Family Health. June 14, 2010; 97-8.
 
Unger JF. Jr, Provencher S, DeCamp ON. Cranial Distorsion and Category II Pelvic Blocking: A Pilot Study. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research. Dec 18 2009: 1-11.
 
Cooperstein R, Lew M.  The relationship between pelvic torsion and anatomical leg length inequality: a review of the literature. J Chiro Med. Sep 2009; 9(3): 107-18.
 
Blum Cl, Cuthbert S. Developmental Delay Syndromes and Chiropractic: A Case Report.  J Ped Matern Fam Health. Aug 2009: 3.
 
Silfies SP, Mehta R, Smith SS, Karduna AR.  Differences in feedforward trunk muscle activity in subgroups of patients with mechanical low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Jul;90(7):1159-69. Epub 2009 Jun 5
 
Giggey K, Tepe R. A pilot study to determine the effects of a supine sacroiliac orthopedic blocking procedure on cervical spine extensor isometric strength. J Chirop Med. Jun 2009;8(2):56-61. 
 
Carroll L. The Cerebrospinal Fluid Venturi: Hypothesis of CSF Lift. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research, Nov 2008:1-7.
 
Blum C, Globe G, Terre L, Mirtz TA, Greene L, Globe D.  Multinational survey of chiropractic patients: reasons for seeking care.  JCCA J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2008 Aug;52(3):175-84.  [Free full text]
 
Garnecki DA, Canty AP.  Improvement in urinary incontinence in a  
cerebral palsy patient following chiropractic care. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2008 Mar; 9(1): 563-6.
 
Bula SM,  Infertility and chiropractic: A review of the literature.  J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2008 Mar; 9(1): 567-71.
 
Wittman R, Vallone S. Chiropractic care of a child with cystic fibrosis. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2008 Mar; 9(1): 558-62.
 
Nunno LV. Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis: A Chiropractic Report.  J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2007; 8(1-2):  507-13.
 
Rosner A.  A synopsis of documentation ini the scientific literature of serveral chiropractic techniques. DC Tracts. 2007;19(4):
 
Rowswell-Kulikowski A. One-Year-Old Child Diagnosed with Auditory Neuropathy and Developmental Delay Responds with Measurable Gains after Chiropractic Care.  J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2007; 8(1-2): 514-17.
 
Vallone SA. The Role of Subluxation and Chiropractic Care in Hypolactation. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2007; 8(1-2): 518-24.
 
Blum CL, Non-Synaptic Messaging: Piezoelectricity, Bioelectric Fields, Neuromelanin and Dentocranial Implications  Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research, Jan 2007: 1-6.
 
Blum CL, LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Sacroiliac Dysfunction and SOT - Response to the Nov. JACA Online Focus article on sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Journal of the American Chiropractic Association. Dec 2006: 20-1. 
 
Blum CL, Normalization of Blood and Urine Measures Following Reduction of Vertebral Subluxations in a Patient Diagnosed with Early Onset Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Study. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research, Dec. 7, 2006:1-6
 
Lovett L,  Blum CL Behavioral and Learning Changes Secondary to Chiropractic Care to Reduce Subluxations in a Child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case Study  Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research,  Oct 2006:1-6.
 
Timgren J,  Soinila S, Reversible Pelvic Asymmetry: An Overlooked Syndrome Manifesting as Scoliosis, Apparent Leg-Length Difference, and Neurologic Symptoms Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics: Sep 2006; 29 (7): 561-565.
 
Blum CL, Cuthbert SC, Cranial Therapeutic Care: Is There any Evidence?, Journal of Chiropractic and Osteopathy, 2006; 14(10).
 
Hossu M,  Rupert R. Quantum events of biophoton emission associated with complementary and alternative medicine therapies: a descriptive pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Mar;12(2):119-24.
 
Cuthbert SC. Proposed mechanisms and treatment strategies for motion sickness disorder: A case series. J Chirop Med. Spr 2006;5(1):22-31.
 
Marshall P , Murphy B, The Effect of Sacroiliac Joint Manipulation on Feed-Forward Activation Times of the Deep Abdominal Musculature Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Mar 2006;29(3):196-202. 
 
Jonasson AK, Knaap SFC, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in an 8-Year-Old Boy: A Case Study Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Mar 2006 ;29(3): 245-247.
 
Hochman JI, The Effect of Sacro Occipital Technique Category II Blocking on Spinal Ranges of Motion: A Case Series Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Nov 2005;28(9): 719-23.
 
Cuthbert S, Blum, CL, Symptomatic Arnold-Chiari Malformation and Cranial Nerve Dysfunction: A Case Study of Applied Kinesiology Cranial Evaluation and Treatment, Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, May 2005;28(4). 
 
Pederick FO, Cranial and other chiropractic adjustments in the conservative treatment of chronic trigeminal neuralgia: A case report, Chiropr J Aust Mar 2005; 35(1): 9-15.
 
Hipperson AJ, Chiropractic management of infantile colic. Clinical Chiropractic, Dec 2004; 7(4):180-6.
 
Pederick FO, Treatment of an infant with wry neck associated with birth trauma: Case report. Chiropr J Aust Dec 2004;34(4):123-8.
 
Morningstar MW, Woggon D, Lawrence G, Scoliosis treatment using a combination of manipulative and rehabilitative therapy: a retrospective case series BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders Sep 2004, 5:32.  PDF Version
 
Piera GJ, Dwyer PJ, Blum CL, The Effect of Coughing to Release the Dura in Category Three Patients Experiencing Sciatica: Three Case Reports. Chiropractic Journal of Australia. Sep 2004; 34(3).
 
Knutson G, The Sacroiliac Sprain; Neuromuscular Reactions, Diagnosis and Treatment with Pelvic Blocking, Journal of the American Chiropractic Association, Aug 2004; 41(8): 32-9.
 
Killinger LZ. Chiropractic and geriatrics: a review of the training, role, and scope of chiropractic in caring for aging patients.  Clin Geriatr Med. 2004;20:223–35.
 
Blum C, Lovett Brothers: The Relationship Between The Cervical And Lumbar Vertebra The Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research Apr 2004; 6(1): 1-3.
 
Perle SM, Chiropractic Philosophy & Clinical Technique,  Journal of American Chiropractic Association Feb 2004; 41(2): 26-7.
 
Lisi AJ, CoopersteinR, Morschhauser E, An exploratory study of provocation testing with padded wedges: Can prone blocking demonstrate a directional preference?  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics  Feb 2004; 27(2): 103-8.
 
Quezada D, Chiropractic Care of an Infant with Plagiocephaly, Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics, 2004; 6(1): 342-8.
 
Vallone S, Chiropractic Evaluation and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction in Infants Demonstrating Difficulty Breastfeeding, Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics, 2004; 6(1):349-61.
 
Cooperstein R,  Lisi AJ.  Blocking Procedures: An expanded approach  Journal of the American Chiropractic Association. 2004 Jan; 41(1): 44-6. 
 
Blum CL, Chiropractic and Dentistry in the 21st Century: Guest Editorial  The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice Jan 2004; 22(1): 1-3.  
 
Rosen M, Sacro Occipital Technique Management of a Thirty Four Year Old Woman with Infertility Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research Dec 2003; 5: 1-4.
 
Getzoff H, Disc Technique: An Adjusting Procedure for any Lumbar Discogenic Syndrome.  The Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. Fall 2003; 2(4): 142-4.
 
Blum CL. The resolution of chronic colitis with chiropractic care leading to increased fertility.  Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research. Aug 2003:1-5.  
 
Klingensmith RD, Blum CL, The Relationship Between Pelvic Block Placement and Radiographic Pelvic Analysis. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. Summer 2003; 2(3): 102-6.
 
Keating JC, Several pathways in the evolution of chiropractic manipulation,  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. Jun 2003; 26(5): 300-21.
 
Love Z, Bull P, Management of dyspepsia: a chiropractic perspective,  Journal of Australia.  Jun 2003; 3(2):57.63
 
Hungerford B, Gilleard W, Hodges P, Evidence of Altered Lumbopelvic Muscle Recruitment in the Presence of Sacroiliac Joint Pain. Spine 2003; 28(14):1593-1600.
 
Behrendt M,  Insult, Interference and Infertility: An Overview of Chiropractic  Research Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research  May 2003 :1.
 
Miller J, Is chiropractic care beneficial to help alleviate the musculoskeletal back pain of pregnancy? European Journal of Chiropractic, 2003;51:117-123.
 
Gleberzon BJ, Chiropractic Name Techniquesin Canada: A Continued Look at Demographic Trends and Their Impact on Issuesof Jurisprudence. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2002; 46(4): 241-56.
 
Henninger R  Craniosacral Therapy And Post-Traumatic Seizures: A Case Report. J Am Chiropr Assoc.  Nov 2002; 39(11): 44-45.
 
Blum CL. Chiropractic and Pilates Therapy for the Treatment of Adult Scoliosis.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, May 2002.; 25(4).
 
Farmer JA, Blum CL. Dural Port Therapy. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, Spr 2002; 1(2): 1-8.
 
Blum, CL. Role of Chiropractic andSacro Occipital Technique in Asthma. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. Mar 2002; 1(1): 16-22.
 
Oleski SL Smith GH, Crow WT. Radiographic Evidence of Cranial Bone Mobility. Cranio: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice. Jan 2002; 20(1):34-8.
 
Gatterman MI, Coopertein R, Lantz C, Perle SM, Schneider MJ, "Rating Specific Chiropractic Technique Procedures for Common Low Back Conditions" Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Sep 2001;24(7):449-56.
 
Hurst H, Audit of case history and examination procedures for the temporo-mandibular joint in clinical chiropractic practice, European Journal of Chiropractic. 2001; 47: 39-44.
Gleberzon BJ, Chiropractic "Name Techniques": A Review of the Literature  J Can Chiropr Assoc  2000;45(2): 86-99.
 
Crisera PN,  The cytological implications of primary respiration, Medical Hypotheses, Jan 2001;  56 (1): 40-51.
 
Holtrop DP, Resolution of Suckling Intolerance in a 6-month-old Chiropractic Patient.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Nov/Dec 2000;23(9):615-18.
 
Cooperstein R. Padded Wedges for Lumbopelvic Mechanical Analysis. Journal of the American Chiropractic Association, Oct 2000: 24-6.
 
Cooperstein,R, Lisi A. Pelvic Torsion: Anatomic Considerations, Construct Validity, and Chiropractic Examination Procedures. Topics in Clinical Chiropractic. Sep 2000; 7(3): 38-49.
 
Hestœk L, Leboeuf-Yde C. Are chiropractic tests for the lumbo-pelvic spine reliable and valid? A systematic critical literature review. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. May 2000;23:258–75.
 
Pederick FO, Developments in the Cranial Field, Chiropractic Journal of Australia, Mar 2000;30(1):13-23.
 
Suter E, McMorland G , Herzog W, Bray R, Conservative lower back treatment reduces inhibition in knee-extensor muscles: a randomized controlled trial Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics. 2000 Feb; 23(2): 76-80.
 
Getzoff HI, Chinappi AS. Possible Manifestation of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction On Chiropractic Cervical X-Ray Studies [Letter; Comment]. J Manip Physiol Ther. 1999 Nov/Dec; 22(6): 421-422.
 
Blum CL. Role of Chiropractic and Sacro Occipital Technique in Asthma. Chiropractic Technique. Nov 1999; 10(4): 174-180.
 
Getzoff H. Sacro Occipital Technique Categories: a System Method of Chiropractic. Chiropractic Technique. May 1999; 11(2): 62-5.
 
Hewitt EG, Chiropractic Care For Infants with Dysfunctional Nursing: A Case Series Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1999 May ; 4(1): 241-4.
 
Blum, CL. Cranial Therapeutic Treatment of Down’s Syndrome. Chiropractic Technique. May 1999; 11(2): 66-76.
 
Gordon C.  Diagnosis and co-management of temporomandibular joint disorders: a case study. The British Journal of Chiropractic. Apr 1999;3(2):40-43.
 
Suter E, McMorland G , Herzog W, Bray R. Decrease in Quadriceps Inhibition After Sacroiliac Joint Manipulation in Patients With Anterior Knee Pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 1999 Mar; 22(3): 149-53.
 
Schneider, MJ, Cox, JM, Polkinghorn BS, Blum, CL, Getzoff, H, Troyanovich, SJ. Grand Rounds Discussion: Patient with Acute Low Back Pain: Harvey Getzoff, Discussant. Chiropractic Technique. Jan 1999; 11(1): 2-4.
 
Schneider, MJ, Cox, JM, Polkinghorn BS, Blum, CL, Getzoff, H, Troyanovich, Sj. Grand Rounds Discussion: Patient with Acute Low Back Pain: Charles Blum, Discussant. Chiropractic Technique. Jan 1999; 11(1): 19-20.
 
Kaptchuk TJ, Eisenberg DM. Chiropractic: origins, controversies, and contributions. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Nov 9;158(20):2215-24.
 
Unger JF, Jr. The Effects of a PelvicBlocking Procedure upon Muscle Strength: a Pilot Study. Chiropractic Technique. Nov 1998; 10(4): 50-5.??
 
Blum, CL, Spinal/Cranial Manipulative Therapy and Tinnitus: A Case History. Chiropractic Technique. Nov 1998; 10(4): 163-8.
 
Bonci AS, Verni LJ. The Effect of Cranial Adjusting on Hypertension: A Case Report [Letter; Comment]. Chiropractic Technique. 1998 Nov; 10(4): 179-80.
 
Getzoff H. The Step Out-Toe Out Procedure: A Therapeutic and Diagnostic Procedure. Chiropractic Technique. Aug 1998; 10(3): 16-8.??
 
Blum CL, Curl DD. The Relationship Between Sacro-Occipital Technique and Sphenobasilar Balance. Part One: the Key Continuities. Chiropractic Technique. Aug 1998;10(3): 95-100.??
 
Blum CL, Curl DD. The Relationship Between Sacro-Occipital Technique and Sphenobasilar Balance. Part Two: Sphenobasilar Strain Stacking, Chiropractic Technique. Aug 1998; 10(3): 101-107.
 
Van Loon, M; Colic With Projectile Vomiting: A Case Study Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1998 Aug; 3(1): 207-10.
 
Connelly DM, Rasmussen SA. The Effect of Cranial Adjusting on Hypertension: a Case Report. Chiropractic Technique. May 1998; 10(2): 75-78.
 
Courtis G, Young M. Chiropractic management of idiopathic secondary amenorrhœa: a review of two cases. British Journal of Chiropractic .Apr 1998; 2(1):12-4.
 
Keating JC James F. McGinnis, D.C., N.D., C.P. (1873-1947): Spinographer, Educator, Marketer and Bloodless Surgeon Chiropractic History, 1998; 18(2): 63-79.
 
Pederick FO. A Kaminski-type evaluation of cranial adjusting. Chiropractic Technique. Feb 1997;9(1): 1-15.
 
Tabar J. Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint: A review of Procedures. Chiropractic Technique. Nov 1997; 9(4) : 185-92.??
 
Conway CM. Chiropractic Care Of A Pediatric Glaucoma Patient: A Case Study. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1997 Oct; 2(2): 155-6.??
 
Fallon JM. The Role of the Chiropractic Adjustment in the Care and Treatment of 332 Children with Otitis Media. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1997 Oct; 2(2) :167-83.
 
Bilgrai-Cohen K. Chiropractic Treatment of the Musculoskeletal System During Pregnancy. Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association. May 1997: 33-34, 90.
 
Fallon JM, Vallone S. Treatment Protocols for the Chiropractic Care of Common Pediatric Conditions: Otitis Media and Asthma. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1997 Jan ; 2(1): 113-5.?
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Fallon JM,  Fysh PN. Chiropractic Care of the Newborn With Congenital Torticollis. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1997 Jan ; 2(1): 116-21.
 
Chinappi AS, Getzoff H. Chiropractic/Dental Cotreatment of Lumbosacral Pain with Temporomandibular Joint Involvement. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. Nov/Dec 1996; 19(9): 607-12. 
 
Getzoff H. Cranial Mandibular Motion Technique. Chiropractic Technique. Nov 1996; 8(4): 182-5.
 
Hyman CA.  Chiropractic adjustments and congenital torticollis with facial asymmetry: A case study.  ICA Rev. 1996 Sep/Oct: 41.5.
 
Phillips CJ. Birth Trauma - Antibiotic Abuse - Vaccine Reaction: A Single Case Report. J Am Chiro Assoc. Sep 1996; 9: 57-59, 61.
 
Cooperstein R,  Sacro Occipital Technique  Chiropractic Technique. Aug 1996; 8(3): 125-31.
 
Getzoff H, Gregory TM. Chiropractic Sacro-Occipital Technique Treatment of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita. Chiropractic Technique, May 1996; 8(2); 83-7.??
 
Phillips CJ, Meyer JJ. Chiropractic Care, Including Craniosacral Therapy, During Pregnancy: A Static-Group Comparison of Obstetric Interventions during Labor and Delivery. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therap. 1995 Oct ;18(8): 525-9.
 
Chinappi, AS, Getzoff, H.  The Dental-Chiropractic Cotreatment of Structural Disorders of the Jaw and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. Sep 1995; 18(7): 476-81.
 
Pederick FO. A Preliminary Single Case Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation Into Maxillary Frontal-Parietal Manipulation And Its Short-Term Effect Upon The Intercranial Structures Of An Adult Human Brain [Letter]. J Manip Physiol Ther. 1995 Feb; 18(2): 116-17.
 
Pick MG. A Preliminary Single Case Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation into Maxillary Frontal-Parietal Manipulation and its Short-Term Effect upon the Intercranial Structures of an Adult Human Brain.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Mar-Apr 1994; 17(3): 168-73.
 
Chinappi, AS, Getzoff, H. A New Management Model for Treating Structural-based Disorders, Dental Orthopedic and Chiropractic Co-Treatment. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 1994; 17: 614-9.
 
Bergmann TF.  Various Forms of Chiropractic Technique. Chiropractic Technique. May 1993; 5(2):53-5.??
 
Gregory TM. Temporomandibular Disorder Associated with Sacroiliac Sprain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. May1993; 16(4): 256-65.??
 
Esposito V, Leisman G. Neuromuscular Effects of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction.  International Journal of Neuroscience. 1993; 68: 3-4. ??
 
Pederick FO. For Debate: Cranial Adjusting -- An Overview. Chiropractic Journal of Australia. Sept 1993; 23(3):106-12.
 
Hewitt E. Chiropractic Treatment Of A 7-Month-Old With Chronic Constipation: A Case Report. Chiropractic Technique. 1993 Aug; 5(3) :101-3.
 
Cook K, Rasmussen S. Visceral Manipulation and the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids: A Case Report. ACA Journal of Chiropractic. Dec 1992; 29(12) : 39-41.
 
Heese N. Major Bertrand de Jarnette: Six Decades of Sacro Occipital Research, 1924-1984. Chiropractic History. Jun 1991;11(1): 13-5.
 
Hobbs D, Rasmussen S. Chronic Otitis Media: A Case Report.  ACA Journal of Chiropractic. 1991 Feb; 28(2): 67-68.
 
Lebeouf C. The Reliability of SpecificSacro-Occipital Technique Diagnostic Tests. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 1991; 14: 3-4.
 
Blum CL. Cranial Therapeutic Approach to Cranial Nerve Entrapment Part II: Cranial Nerve VII.  ACA Journal of Chiropractic., Dec 1990; 27(12): 27-33.?
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Lebeouf C. The Sensitivity and Specificity of Seven Lumbo-Pelvic Orthopedic Tests and Arm Fossa Test. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 1990; 13: 138-43.
 
Flanagan MF. The Relationship Between CSF and Fluid Dynamics in the Neural Canal. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. Dec 1988; 11(6): 489-92.
 
Howatt J.  Chiropractic: The Cranial Sacral Complex. Journal of Orthopaedic Medicine, 1988; (1) : 13-20.
 
Blum CL. Cranial Therapeutic Approach to Cranial Nerve Entrapment Part I: Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VI. ACA Journal of Chiropractic. July 1988; 22(7): 63-7.?
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Lebeouf C, Jenkins DJ, Smyth RA. Sacro-Occipital Technique: the So-called Arm Fossa Test: Interexaminaer Agreement and Post-treatment Changes. Journal of the Australian Chiropractic Association. 1988; 18: 67-8.?
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Blum CL. The Effect of Movement, Stress and Mechanoelectric Activity Within the Cranial Matrix. International Journal of Orthodontics. Spring 1987; 25(1-2): 6-14.??
 
Leboeuf C, Patrick K. The use of major and minor therapy forms in Australian chiropractic practice. Journal of the Australian Chiropractic Association. 1987;17:109-11.
 
Denton DG, Craniopathy and dentistry. Basal Facts. 1986, 8:4, 181-202.
 
Denton DG, From head to foot. Basal Facts. 1986, 8:4, 203-10.
 
Denton DG, Biomechanics of the pelvis. Basal Facts. 1986, 8:4, 211-21.
 
Otter R. Literature on the Sacroiliac Joint.  European Journal of Chiropractic.  Dec 1985;33(4): 221-42.
 
Blum CL, Biodynamics of the Cranium: A Survey. The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice. Mar/May 1985: 3(2):, 164-71.??
 
Maltezopoulos V, Armitage N. A comparison of four chiropractic systems in the diagnosis of sacroiliac malfunction. European Journal of Chiropractic.1984;32:4-42.
 
Peterson K. A Review of Cranial Mobility, Sacral Mobility, and Cerebrospinal Fluid.  Journal of the Australian Chiropractic Association. 1982 Apr ; 12(3): 7-14.
 
DeJarnette MB. Sacro Occipital Technique (S.O.T.).  JCCA J Can Chiropr Assoc. Mar 1978;22(1):8.
 
DeJarnette MB, Shall Chiropractic Survive? The Journal of the National Chiropractic Association. Nov 1959; 29(11): 75.
 
Weiant CW, A Reply to Doctor DeJarnette The National Chiropractic Journal. Oct 1944; 14(10): 13-14, 55.
 
 
Research Conference Proceedings
 
Williamson WP, Blum CL. Exercises and Stretches to Facilitate SOT Blocking Treatments Category One and Category Two: A Case Series. WFC Congress: April 6-9, 2011 - Rio de Janeiro. 
 
Shelley JR,  Blum CL. Pregnancy, sacroiliac joint laxity, and the SOT category two pelvic distortion: A case series. WFC Congress: April 6-9, 2011 - Rio de Janeiro. 
 
Dal Bello F. The alterations of the dyspeptic signs and symptoms in caring for patients of gastritis following chiropractic treatment. WFC Congress: April 6-9, 2011 - Rio de Janeiro. 
 
Dal Bello F.  Effectiveness of the chiropractic treatment in caring for patients with Arterial Systemic Hypertension. WFC Congress: April 6-9, 2011 - Rio de Janeiro. 
 
Provencher S. A Clinical Trial to Investigate Whole Body Compensation Due to Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction. WFC Congress: April 6-9, 2011 - Rio de Janeiro. 
 
Mitchell GA, Blum CL. Sacro Occipital Technique Treatment of Hiatal (Hiatus) Hernia Presentation: A Case Report. J Chiro Ed. Spr 2011;25(1):114.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL. Chiropractic care of pediatric nonmusculoskeletal conditions: A case series. J Chiro Ed. Spr 2011;25(1):116.
 
Borilli F, Dal Bello F. Research on the effects of the chiropractic treatment on individuals with malocclusion as an aid to the orthodontic treatment. J Chiro Ed. Spr 2011;25(1):108.
 
Hochman J. Postmigraine chronic daily headache releived with coccygeal and sphenoidal manipulation: A case report. J Chiro Ed. Spr 2011;25(1):110.
 
Seekins S, Provencher S, Unger Jr JF. Temporal-occipital cranial strain: A case of pediatric stuttering. J Chiro Ed. Spr 2011;25(1):117. 
 
Chapman C, Bakkum B. Chiropractic Management of a Patient with an Anatomic Anomaly of the Piriformis Muscle: A Case Study. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1): 87-8.
 
Thompson J, Bockhold H, Blum CL. Sacro Occipital Technique: Occipital Fiber Technique on Equine. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1):142.
 
Blum CL. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders and Forward Head Posture Secondary to Airway Compromise: A Case Report. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1):121.
 
Provencher S, Unger, Jr. JE. Effects on Postural Control with a Sacroiliac Belt and 10 Chiropractic Treatments on 11 Random Fibromyalgia Subjects: A Pilot Study. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1):138.
 
Dal Bello F, Dal Bello Veronica, Raupp JM, Santos LN. Alterations of dyspepetic signs and symptoms in patients presenting with gastroesophageal reflux disease following chiropractic treatment. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1):124.
 
McElvey SE, Bull P. The chiropractic comanagement of asthma: A clinical research approach. J Chirop Edu. 2010 24(1):135.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL. Chiropractic care of pediatric nonmusculoskeletal conditions: A case series. Clin Chiropr. Jun 2010;13(2): 189.
 
Bloink T, Blum CL.  Sacro-occipital cranial technique [SOT] and temporomandibular joint [TMJ]therapy for unresolved benign paroxysmal positional vertigo [BPPV]: A case report. Clin Chiropr. Jun 2010(13:2): 193-4.
 
Blum C. Temporomandibular joint [TMJ] disorders and forward head posture secondary to airway compromise: A case report. Clin Chiropr. Jun 2010;13(2): 194-5.
 
Williams S, Blum CL, Billings S. Plagiocephaly: The oblique skull – a method of chiropractic correction. Clin Chiropr. Jun 2010;13(2): 196.
 
Shelley JR,  Blum CL. Pregnancy, sacroiliac joint laxity, and the SOT category two pelvic distortion: A case series. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Langer C, Blum CL. The effects of SOT category blocking procedures on lower extremity function in high performance athletes: A case series. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Getzoff IH, Blum CL. Disc technique, differential diagnosis and treatment methodology: Two case reports. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Blum CL Alireza Panapour A. Chiropractic and Dentistry - A relationship between pelvic pain and the TMJ: Two case reports. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Rozeboom D,  Blum CL. Sacral Block Technic: Balancing Sacrospinal Function: A Case Report. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Blum CL. The relationship between the pelvis and stomatognathic system. World Congress on Lower Back Pain.  November 9-12, 2010 - Los Angeles, California.
 
Bouchet C. A pilot study investigating the incidence of chiropractic care in learning disorders: A case series. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Darragh S, Blum CL, Attention deficit hyperactive disorder of a 7 year old child utilizing chiropractic and sacro occipital technique procedures. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Forgosh B,  Provencher S, Blum CL, Cranial bone imbalance, TMJ dysfunction, and craniocervical syndrome and its affect on the sucking reflex in a two month-old female infant: A case report. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010. 
 
Forgosh B,  Provencher S, Blum CL, Successful resolution of congenital torticollis with non-synostotic deformational plagiocephaly in a three month old infant: A case report. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.? 
 
Klingensmith RD, Blum CL, Chiropractic manipulative reflex technique (CMRT) treatment for GERD of a 3 year old male child: A case report. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL, Case management of a 2 1/2 year old female with a thirty-five degree scoliosis and two hemivertebra: outcome of adjusting protocols showing a positive response to chiropractic care. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL, Chiropractic care of pediatric nonmusculoskeletal conditions: A retrospective patient survey. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL, SOT chiropractic care of a six-year old boy diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome and related conditions. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Shelley JR, Blum CL, Pregnancy, sacroiliac joint laxity, and the SOT category two pelvic distortion: A case series.? International Chiropractic Pediatric Association: Pediatric Research Conference: Wellness Conference, Washington DC, October 2010.
 
Blum CL. TMD Functional Integrative Approach: Dental and Chiropractic Approach to Forward Head Posture.  Journal of the American Academy of Craniofacial Pain. Fall 2009; 22(2):18,31,39.
 
Provencher S, Unger JF. Restoration of the Craniosacral Respiratory Mechanism in Fibromyalgia via specific SOT Chiropractic and Cranial treatments. Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia, 8th Biennial Conference. Nov 20-22 2009
 
Unger JF, Provencher S. Compression of the Sacroiliac Joint with a Sacroiliac Belt on 36 Subjects Improved Postural Control: A Pilot Study. Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia, 8th Biennial Conference. Nov 20-22 2009
 
Blum CL. Sleep Apnea, Forward Head Posture (FHP), and its Relationship to  Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD).TMJ Bioengineering Conference Proceedings, Boulder, CO. November 4-7, 2009: 47.
 
Rosen M, Blum CL.  Chiropractic Care of Pediatric Nonmusculoskeletal Conditions: A Case Series.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 319-21.
 
Bloink T, Blum CL. Autism and Language Delay, Integration of SOT Cranial Therapy and Tomatis Auditory Therapy to Stimulate the Auditory Cortex: A Case Report.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 284-5.
 
dal Bello F, Borilli F.  Pain Alterations on the Temporo Mandibular Joint in Individuals with Malocclusion after Chiropractic Treatment. WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 287-8.
 
Dal Bello F, Dal Bello V,  Santos LN, Raupp JM.  Alterations on Dyspeptic Signs and Symptoms on Patients Presenting with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Submitted to Chiropractic Treatment. WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 290.
 
Rozeboom D, Blum CL.  Sacral Block Technic: Balancing Sacrospinal Function: A Case Report.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 222-3.
 
Vallone SA, Tow J.  Collaborative Assessment and Management of Breastfeeding Difficulties by Lactation.  Consultant and Chiropractor: A Case Series.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 230-1.
 
Zablotney J, Blum CL.  Chiropractic Care and the Situs Inversus Patient: Modifying Technique to Match Anatomy.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 235-7.
 
DeCamp ON, Provencher S, Unger-Boyd M. A Pilot Study: Investigating a Sacroiliac Syndrome.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 242-3.
 
dal Bello F, Borilli F.  A Research on the Effects of the Chiropractic Treatment on Individuals with Malocclusion as an aid to the Orthodontic Treatment.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 257-8.
 
Zhang J, Provencher S, Unger Jr JF.  Changes in Heart Rate Variability in Healthy Human Subjects on a New Bicycle Seat versus Traditional Bicycle Saddle: A Pilot Study.  WFC’S 10th Biennial Congress. International Conference of Chiropractic Research.  Montreal, Canada. Apr 30 – May 2, 2009: 397-8.
 
Giggey K, Tepe R. Sacroiliac Orthopedic Blocking Improves Cervical Spine Extensor Isometric Strength. J Chirop Ed. 2009;21(1): 68.
 
Mykietiuk C, Wambolt M, Pillipow T, Mallay C, Gleberzon B.  Technique Systems used by post-1980 graduates of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College practicing in five Canadian provinces: A preliminary study. J Chirop Ed. 2009;21(1): 84.
 
Blum CL, Panahpour A.  TMD - Chiropractic and Dentistry: Two Case Reports.  J Chirop Ed. 2009;21(1): 104.
 
Zablotney J, Blum CL. Chiropractic care and the Situs Inversus patient:  Modifying technique to match anatomy. J Chirop Ed. 2009;21(1): 119.
 
Hochman J. Chiropractic Intervention for Pruritis: A Case Report. J Chirop Ed. 2009;21(1): 109-10.
 
Unger JF, Provencher S. Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique Protocol to the 8th Thoracic Vertebra in a Case of Chronic Gastrointestinal Dysfunction.  Brain Research Meeting:  Neural Mechanisms of Ingestive Behavior and Obesity. Chicago, IL. Oct 15-16 2009: [www.brainresearch2009.com]
 
Giggey K,  Tepe R. Poor Postural Control May Signal Autonomic Imbalance: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study.  The Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2008; 22(1):87.
 
Blum CL, Cuthbert S. Developmental Delay Syndromes and Chiropractic.  The Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2008; 22(1):84.
 
Schneider M, Homonai R, Moreland B, Delitto A. Reliability of the Prone Leg Length Analysis Procedure.  The Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2008; 22(1):96.  
 
Williams S, Blum CL, Billings S. Plagiocephaly: The Oblique Skull A Method Of Chiropractic Correction. The Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2008; 22(2).
 
Blum CL, Cuthbert S, Williams S,  Developmental Delay Syndromes and Chiropractic:  A Case Report.  International Conference on Chiropractic Research. Vilamoura, Portugal – May 17-19, 2007: CM53.
 
Kalamir A, A Randomised Controlled Pilot Study of Chiropractic Craniomandibular Treatment for Chronic TMD. International Conference on Chiropractic Research. Vilamoura, Portugal – May 17-19, 2007: CM14.
 
Kalamir A, Chiropractic Intraoral Craniomandibular Technique for Migraine.International Conference on Chiropractic Research. Vilamoura, Portugal – May 17-19, 2007: CM18. 
 
Kalamir A,  Pronation Associated with Temporomandibular Joint Sounds.International Conference on Chiropractic Research. Vilamoura, Portugal – May 17-19, 2007: SI10. 
 
Holbeck M, Tomson A, Blum, CL, Monk R, Effects of the sacro-occipital technique on the quality of life in a lung cancer patient  undergoing chemotherapy and radiation treatment. J Chirop Edu. Spr 2007;21(1):108. 
 
Blum Cl, Visceral Mimicry Syndrome and Cholecystectomy: A Chiropractic Case Study.  Proceedings on the 2006 Conference on Chiropractic Research, Chicago, Illinois, September 15-16, 2006: 161-3.
 
Blum Cl, A Survey of State Scope of Practice Laws for Chiropractic - Cranial Therapy and TMJ - 2003. Proceedings on the 2006 Conference on Chiropractic Research, Chicago, Illinois, September 15-16, 2006: 164-6.
 
Tellefsen T, Chiropractic management of anterior pelvic girdle pain and instability in pregnancy- A case study, including the management of birth preparation in the Chiropractic setting. European Chiropractic Union Annual Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, May 25-28, 2006.
 
Rosen MG,  Case Management of a 2 1/2 Year Old Female with a Thirty-five Degree Scoliosis and Two Hemivertebra: Outcome of Adjusting Protocols Showing a Positive  Response to Chiropractic CareSix weeks after her initial chiropractic adjustment the patient, Proceedings of the 2005 International Research and Philosophy Symposium: Sherman College of Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC,  J. Vertebral Subluxation Res. Nov. 27, 2006: 14-15. 
 
Blum CL, Globe G, Angina visceral mimicry syndrome: A proposed collaborative integrative treatment model, Journal of Chiropractic Education, Spr 2006;20(1): 51-2. 
 
Blum CL, Globe G, Mirtz TA, Greene L,  Patient preference for wellness care: Is it on the menu?  Journal of Chiropractic Education, Spr 2006;20(1): 53-4. 
 
Hochman JI, The Effect of Sacro Occipital Technique Category II Blocking on Spinal Ranges of Motion: A Case Series. Journal of Chiropractic Education, Spr 2006;20(1): 69. 
 
Blum CL, Pick MG, Lovett L, Sitting disc technique: video myelogram fluoroscopy study Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Chiropractic Research: Sydney Australia Jun 16-18, 2005: 272.
 
Blum CL, Globe G, Assessing the Need for Dental – Chiropractic  TMJ Co-Management: The Development of a Prediction Instrument,  Journal of Chiropractic Education.  Sum 2005;19(2).
 
Hossu M, Rupert R, Harrison N, Changes in biophoton emission associated with chiropractic treatments: A descriptive pilot study, Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2005;19(1): 60.
 
Blum CL, Globe G.  R + C Factors and Sacro Occipital Technique  Orthopedic Blocking: A Pilot Study Using Pre and Post VAS Assessment. Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2005;19(1): 45.
 
Blum CL, Non-synaptic messaging: Piezoelectricity, Bioelectric Fields, Neuromelanin and Dentocranial Implications, Proceedings of the 2005 International Research and Philosophy Symposium: Sherman College of Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, Oct 22-23, 2005: 32-5.
 
Blum CL, Anatomical variants in the sciatic foramina and their relationship to piriformis muscle syndrome, Proceedings of the 2005 International Research and Philosophy Symposium: Sherman College of Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, Oct 22-23, 2005: 42-3.
 
Holbeck M, Tomson A, Blum, CL, Monk R, The Effects of the Sacro- Occipital Technique on the Quality of Life in Lung Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy and Radiation Treatment, Proceedings of the Integration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine into Clinical Practice: Evidence-Based Medicine, John Hopkins University: Baltimore, MD, June 8-10, 2005.
 
Cooperstein R, Crum E, Morschhauser E, Lisi A, Sitting PSIS Positions and Prone Blocking Preferences. The Journal of Chiropractic Education/ Spr 2004; 18(1): 44-5.
 
Blum C, Sacro Occipital Technique Pelvic Block Treatment for Severe Herniated Discs: A Case Study,  Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2004;18(1): 38-9
 
Blum C, A Chiropractic Perspective of Dental Occlusion’s Affect on Posture.  Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2004;18(1): 38.
 
Thompson D,  Influence of Sacroiliac Joint Belt on Pain Threshold along the Inguinal Ligaments. Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2004;18(1): 88-9.
 
Blum CL, Resolution of gallbladder visceral or mimicry pain, subsequent to surgical intervention, Proceeding of th International Research and Philosphy Symposium: Sherman College of Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, Oct 9-19, 2004: 10-11.
 
Thompson DM, Vrugtman RP, Johnson KM, Dicks SK, Unger-Boyd M, Correlation of Lateral Pelvic Sway to Variances of Pain along the Inguinal Ligaments: A Pilot Study. Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2003; 17(1): 76.
 
Blum CL, Esposito V, Esposito C, Orthopedic Block Placement and its Affect on the Lumbosacral Spine and Discs: Three Case Studies with Pre and Post MRIs, Journal of Chiropractic Education Spr 2003; 17(1): 48.
 
Pfefer MT, Rasmussen S, Uhl NS, Cooper S. Treatment of a lumbar disc herniation utilizing sacro occipital chiropractic technique. Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2003; 17(1): 72.
 
Cooperstein R, Lisi A. Correlation of Ankle Joint Complex Range of Motion, Leg Checks, PSIS Measurements, and Radiological Findings. Journal of Chiropractic Education Spr 2003; 17(1): 51.
 
Goeselin G, McKnight R, Sacroiliac Joint Stiffness in Sacro-Occipital Technique Category II Subjects: Poster Presentations - Diagnostic Sciences.  European Journal of Chiropractic. 2002; 49: 210-1.
 
Gleberzon BJ, Chiropractic "Name Techniques": A Review of the Literature Poster Presentation - Special Interest.  European Journal of Chiropractic. 2002; 49: 242-3.
 
Ali S, Hayek R, Holland R, McKelvey SE, Boyce K, "Effect of Chiropractic Treatments on the Endocrine and Immune System in Asthmatic Patients,"  Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, Toronto Ontario, Canada, Oct 2002: 57-8
 
Blum CL. Chiropractic Treatment of Mild Head Trauma: A Case History. Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, Toronto Ontario, Canada, Oct 2002:136-8.
 
Blum CL. Incongruent sacro-occipital technique examination findings: Two unusual case histories. Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2002; 16(1): 67.
 
Lisi AJ, Cooperstein R, Morschhauser E. A pilot study of provocation testing with pelvic wedges: Can prone blocking demonstrate a directional preference?  Journal of Chiropractic Education. Spr 2002; 16(1): 30-1.
 
Klingensmith RD, Blum CL The relationship between pelvic block placement and radiographic pelvic analysis. 10th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference Hayward, CA, Dec 7-8, 2002
 
Hong S, Duray SM, Morter HB, Zhang Q. Examination of Variations in Dense Connective Tissue Attachments for the Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor to the Dura Mater. Journal of Chiropractic Education Spr 2002; 16(1): 19-20.
 
Pick MG, Beyond the Neuron Integrative Bodywork: Towards Unifying Principles International Conference, London: University of Westminster and Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 16/18 Nov 2001.
 
Howat J. The philosophy of sacro-occipital technique, British chiropractic association autumn conference October 5th & 6th 2000, The Belfry: Selected abstract The British Journal of Chiropractic. 2000; 4(4): 75.
 
Gleberzon BJ, Incorporating Named Techniques into a Chiropractic College Curriculum: A Compilation of Investigative Reports  The Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2000;14(1): 33-4.
 
Kenin S, Humphreys BK, Hubbard B, Cramer GD, Attachments from the Spinal Dura to the Ligamentum Nuchae: Incidence, MRI Appearance, and Strength of Attachment Proceedings of the 2000 International Conference of Spinal Manipulation 2000 Sep: 202-4.
 
BenEliyahu D, Klingensmith R, Remeta E,  Chiropractic Presentations at the Interdisciplinary Conference of the American Academy of Pain Management. Dynamic Chiropractic. November 2,1998;16(23). 
[http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/16/23/10.html]
 
Serola R, A Theory On The Role Of Counternutation In Self-Bracing Of The Sacroiliac Joint After Injury. Poster Presentation At: 3rd Interdisciplinary World Congress On Low Back Pain And Pelvic Pain Vienna, Austria, Nov 19-21, 1998.
 
Getzoff H, Ten Reasons Why I Like Sacro Occipital Technique. 9th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American Academy of Pain Management, Las Vegas, NV, Sep 1998.
 
Pick MG, Spinal-cranial morphology and physiology: A review of the relationships between osseous, meningeal and neuronal structures and their role in the cranio-sacral respiratory rhythms. Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts  September 18, 1998.
 
Pick MG, Anatomy & physiology of cranial motion: A look into the various intercranial rhythmic motions and their effects upon the brain, meninges and cranial bones. Association of Swiss Chiropractors. Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.
 
Pick MG, Cranial palpation: Hand utilization techniques & cranial rhythmic identification. Association of Swiss Chiropractors. Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.
 
Pick MG, Morphology of the cranial vault sutures: A comprehensive description of the vault sutures interarticular unions and developing a working knowledge toward their manipulative strategies. Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.
 
Remeta EM, Indicators for Disc Herniation Supported by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Poster Presentation. 9th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American Academy of Pain Management, Las Vegas, NV, Sep 1998.
 
Hack GD, The Anatomical Basis for the Effectiveness of Chiropractic. Spinal Manipulation in Treating Headache. Proceedings of the 1998 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada July 16-19, 1998: 114-15.
 
Sanders GE, Unger JF Cranial Distortion and Category II Pelvic Blocking – A Pilot Study: Poster Presentation (Diagnostic Sciences) Proceedings of the Scientific Symposium - 1997 World Chiropractic Congress: Tokyo, Japan Jun 6-8, 1997: 252.?
 
Unger JF Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJD): Work Shop [In English and Japanese] Proceedings of the Scientific Symposium - 1997 World Chiropractic Congress: Tokyo, Japan Jun 6-8, 1997: 274.
 
Klingensmith RD, Chiropractic Evaluation and Care for Lumbosacral Pain. American Academy of Pain Management. Washington DC, Sep 1996.
 
Getzoff H, Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT): A Method of Chiropractic. Proceedings of Pathways to Success – Credentialing and Technique Validity: Assessing the Comparative Validity of Chiropractic Techniques, 28 Jun 1996: 1-4.
 
Unger JF, The Legacy of a Chiropractor, Inventor and Researcher: Dr. Major Bertrand DeJarnette Conference Proceedings of the Chiropractic Centennial Foundation: Davenport, Iowa, Sep 14-16, 1995: 35-6.
 
Unger J, The Effects of a Pelvic Blocking Procedure Upon Muscle Strength: A Pilot Study Conference Proceedings of the Chiropractic Centennial 1995 Jul: 376-7.
 
Getzoff H, Sacro Occipital Technique Assessment ACA Council on Technic- Proceedings of the Third National Symposium on the Comparison of Chiropractic Procedures: "The Cervical Subluxation Complex"- Seattle Washington Feb 1995: 69-73.
 
Phillips CJ, Chiropractic and Pediatrics Cranial Compression and Distraction: a Possible Implication in Otitis Media Proceedings of the 1994 International conference on Spinal Manipulation: Palm Springs, California Jun 10-11, 1994: 136-39.
 
Unger J, Sweat S, Flanagan S, Chudkowski S , An Effect of Sacro Occipital Technique on Blood Pressure. Proceeding of the International Conference on Spinal Manipulation. 1993 Oct: 87.
 
Arcadi V, Birth Induced TMJ Dysfunction: The Most Common Cause of Breastfeeding Difficulties. Proceedings Of The National Conference On Chiropractic. 1993 Oct: 18-22.??
 
Vail B, Evaluation and Cranial Treatment of the Pediatric Patient With Sagittal Suture Synostosis: A Case Report. Proceedings Of The National Conference On Chiropractic 1993 Oct: 58-63.
 
Hewitt, E.; Chiropractic Treatment Of A 7-Month-Old With Chronic Constipation: A Case Report. Proceedings Of The National Conference On Chiropractic. 1992 Nov: 16-23.
 
Blum CL, Cranial Therapeutic Treatment of Downs Syndrome. Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference on Research and Education, Palm Springs, California, June 19-21, 1992: 279-81.
 
Hospers LA EEG and CEEG studies before and after upper cervical or SOT category 11 adjustment in children after head trauma, in epilepsy, and in “hyperactivity.” Proc of the Nat’l Conference on Chiropractic and Pediatrics (ICA). 1992;84-139.
Phillips C, Case Study: The Effect of Utilizing Spinal Manipulation and Craniosacral Therapy as the Treatment Approach for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. Proceedings Of The National Conference On Chiropractic.1991 Nov: 57-74.
 
Unger J, Short Lever Manual ForceMechanically Assisted Procedures in Sacro Occipital Technic (SOT). Transactions of the Consortium for Chiropractic Research. 1991 Jun: 305-9.
 
Pick MG, Outline of SOT Presentation. Transactions of the Consortium for Chiropractic Research. 1991 Jun: 166-7.
 
Kinsinger FS, A Comparative Studyof Activator Methods and Sacro Occipital Technique in Low Back Pain: ShortTerm Effects on Biomechanical Measures Proceedings of the 1991 International Conference of Spinal Manipulation 1991 Apr: 87-9.
 
Skaggs CD. Chirodontics: The Importance of Structural Correlation and Management in Childhood Dental Orthodontic and TMJ Procedures. Proceedings of ICA's National Conference on Chiropractic. 1991.
 
Shambaugh P, Pearlman RC, Hauck K, Changes in Brain Stem Evoked Response as a Result of Chiropractic Treatment, Proceeding of the 1991 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, Apr 1991: 227-9.
 
Curl DD, Instrumentation: Analysis of Mandibular Gait in a Chiropractic Setting. Transactions of the Consortium for Chiropractic Research. 1990 Jun: 1-8.
 
Jansen RD, Nansel DD, Szlazak M, Four Quadrant Forceplate Analysis of Postural Sway: Frequency Domain Characteristics. Transactions of the Pacific Consortium for Chiropractic Research: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Research and Education .Jun 18-19, 1988; A3: 1–11.
 
Davis J, Hamilton A, Rouzer P, A Radiographic Definition of Sacroiliac Joints: Their Normal Anatomy and Sprain States. Transactions of the Consortium for Chiropractic Research. 1987 Jun.
 
Mootz R, Jameson S, Menke M, Inter and Intra-Rater Reliability of Occipital Fiber Palpation. Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conservative Health Science Research Conference. Oct 1986: 37-9.
 
Blum CL, Biodynamics of the Cranium: A Survey. Proceedings: Conference on Current Topics in Chiropractic: Reviews of the Literature. 1984 May 19-20; F3: 1-15.
 
Wood J, Motion of the Sacroiliac Joint. Proceedings: Conference on Current Topics in Chiropractic: Reviews of the Literature. 1984 May 19-20; F2: 1-16.
 
Yoshihara H, Miller C, Abelew T, Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow Along Cranial Nerves. Proceedings: Conference on Current Topics in Chiropractic: Reviews of the Literature. 1984 May 19-20; F4: 1-6
 
 
Non-Peer Reviewed Journals:
 
Blum CL. Chiropractic, Dentistry and Treatment of TMD, Dynamic Chiropractic – October 21, 2009; 27(22).
 
Unger-Boyd M. Algometer and Category II Pelvic Blocking and Cranial Protocol. Sponsored by Logan College of Chiropractic. Study Completed July 22, 2009. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00649753
 
Blum CL. Chiropractic and Dentistry in the 21st Century. Cranio-View. Sum 2009;18(1): 15-7.
 
Blum CL, Case Reports. Journal of the California Chiropractic Association. Aut 2007 32(4): 11.
 
Blum CL,  SOT and the Treatment of TMJ: Why Dentists and Chiropractors Need to Work Together.  Journal of the California Chiropractic Association. Sum 2007 32(3): 12-3.
 
Blum CL, Sacral Cup: Treating the Malposition of Sacral Segments. The American Chiropractor. May 2007;29(5): 26,28,54.
 
Rosen MG, Sacro Occipital Technique: A Personal Perspective, Canadian Chiropractor. Feb 2007; 12(1).
 
Blum CL, Sacro-Occipital Technique's "Category Two": A Remedy for Fixated Thinking. Dynamic Chiropractic.  Sep 1, 2006; 24(18). [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/24/18/08.html]
 
Wolski CA,  No Slowing Down: The sacro-occipital technique, plus exercise, keeps patients of Kurt Larsen, DC, FICS, active in retirement, Chiropractic Products, Jul 2006: 12-4.
 
Mersky J, Blum, CL, Chiropractors: Working Together to Improve Outcomes, FACETS: San Diego County Dental Society, May 2006.
 
Anrig C, Rosen M, Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) Pediatrics, Dynamic Chiropractic, May 6, 2006, 24(12):
 
Blum CL, Managing Acute Low Back Pain, The American Chiropractor, Apr, 2006; 28(5).
 
Pederick FO,  Chiropractic in the Cranial Field, In Chaitow L, "Cranial Manipulation Theory and Practice. Osseous and Soft Tissue Approaches, 2nd Edition" Elsevier: Edinburgh, 2005: 111-38,
 
Budgell B, The subluxation, the adjustment and cerebrospinal fluid dynamics; time for a fresh look.  Dynamic Chiropractic, Aug 14, 2005;23(17):39,43-4.
 
SOTO joins TMD Alliance, Chiropractic Economics, Jun 2005, http://www.chiroeco.com/news/2005/June/SOTO.php
 
Blum CL, The Evolution of Bloodless Surgery and Chiropractic, The American Chiropractor Apr 2005;27(4):24-5. 
 
Hochman J, The Harder You Look, The More You See: Less Common Subluxations, Today's Chiropractic, Jul/ Aug 2004
 
Miller H, Chiropractic and Heart Attacks Dynamic Chiropractic Mar 11, 2004; 22(6). http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/22/06/12.html
 
Kintish J,  Chiropractic: Anatomy and Physiology of Sacro Occipital Technique Book Review  Dynamic Chiropractic Feb 26, 2004; 22(5): 12. [http://www.chiroweb.com/prvreviews/t243.html]  
 
Blye JS, Going Above Atlas: A New Model of Dis-ease, Washington State Chiropractic Association Winter Conference,  Feb 2004.  [Washington State Chiropractic Association, Plexus, Dec 2003.]
 
Hammer W, The cranial bones are connected to the WHAT? Dynamic Chiropractic; January 29, 2004; 22(3): 16,32. [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/22/03/09.html]
 
Cooperstein R, Once Upon a Time in Chiropractic Research Dynamic Chiropractic; October 6, 2003; 21(21). [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/21/21/05.html] 
 
Lavitan S, Compendium of Sacro Occipital Technique: Peer-Reviewed Literature 1984-2000 Dynamic Chiropractic ;August 16, 2003;21(17). 
[http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/21/17/22.html]
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL, Sacro Occipital Technique: Technique and Analysis.  Todays Chiropractic. Jul/Aug 2003; 32(4): 22,24-6.
 
Cuthbert S, Applied Kinesiology: How to Add Cranial Therapy to Your Daily Practice  Dynamic Chiropractic May 19, 2003;21(11): 26,27,30. [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/21/11/10.html]
 
Blum CL, The Compendium of SOT Peer Reviewed Published Literature 1984-2000 Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research Nov 2002; 4(4);123-124.
 
Cirino WV Jr. Diagnostic corner. Chiropractic adjusting procedures for lumbar disc derangement.  DC Tracts. 2002 Fall;14(3):5-10.
 
Blum CL, Two Unusual Case Histories and Sacro Occipital Technique. California Chiropractic Association Journal Aug 2001: 28-9,32.
 
Cima J, A Basic Course in the Treatment of the Cranial Sacral Mechanism, Part 3: A Three Part Series on the Philosophy, Science and Art of Cranial Care. The American Chiropractor. Jul 2001; 23(4): 40, 42-3.
 
Hochman J, The Management of Acute Otitis Media Using S.O.T And S.O.T Craniopathy. Todays Chiropr May/Jun 2001; 30(3):41-44.
 
Cima J, A Basic Course in the Treatment of the Cranial Sacral Mechanism, Part 2: A Three Part Series on the Philosophy, Science and Art of Cranial Care .The American Chiropractor. May 2001; 23(3): 14-6.??
 
Cima J, A Basic Course in the Treatment of the Cranial Sacral Mechanism, Part 1: A Three Part Series on the Philosophy, Science and Art of Cranial Care. The American Chiropractor. Mar 2001; 23(2): 42-4.
 
Rosen M. Sacro Occipital Technique: Technique Overview by Matthew McCoy “The Adjustment” The American Chiropractor. Mar 2001; 23(3): 26,31, 34.
 
Cima J, The Cranial Concept The American Chiropractor Jan 2001; 23(1): 45-6.
Perri VL Applying the Conjugate Gaze Adjusting Technique Today's Chiropractic, Sep/Oct  2000; 29(5): 42-51.
 
Hesse N, Chiropractic Innovator:  Dr. Major B. DeJarnette Today's Chiropractic, Sep/Oct  2000; 29(5): 60-6.
 
Blum CL, Back From the RAC Journal of the California Chiropractic Association 2000 Sep; 25(7): 14-5.
 
Staff,  SOTO-USA - Set for First Annual Clinical Symposium : News in Brief Dynamic Chiropractic June 26, 2000; 18(14) [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/18/14/17.html]
 
Staff, National Board Publishes New Job Analysis of Chiropractic Dynamic Chiropractic June 26, 2000;18(14)  [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/18/14/23.html]
 
Hochman JI, Dynamic Spinal Analysis: The Cervical and Dorsal Spine Today's Chiro, Sept/Oct 1999; 28(5): 32-6.
 
Pederick FO,  What does the cerebellar virtual reality centre mean for chiropractors?  The Australian Chiropractor, Jun 1999: 15.
 
Hochman JI, Dynamic Spinal Analysis: Pelvic and Lumbo-Pelvic Today's Chiro, May/Jun 1999; 28(3): 30-42.
 
Shara K, Bells’ Palsy, A Chiropractic Case Study. Kansas Chiropractic Association Journal, 1999 Jan/Feb;1:21-2,24.
 
Phillips, C; An Effective Drug-Free Approach To Premature Contractions International Review of Chiropractic. 1998 Oct; 54(5):76-81.
 
Pederick F, Tinnitus Dynamic Chiropractic, 1998 Oct 19; 16(22): 17, 24, 25.?http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/16/22/19.html
 
Skaggs C, Temporomandibular and Orofacial Disorders: A Functional Perspective, Dynamic Chiropractic, May 31, 2998; 16(12).
 
Rasmussen SA, S.O.T. Cranial Adjustments Basis, Effects and Case Study, Today's Chiro, Mar/Apr 1998; 27 (2):40-44.
 
Howat J, Varley P, Complementary Therapies Chiropractic Dentistry Monthly Feb 1998; 4(2): 16-25.
 
Phillips, C; Back Labor: A Possible Solution For A Painful Situation International Review of Chiropractic. 1997 Jul; 53(4): 51-5.
 
Pederick FO, Effects of Pregnancy on Cranial Structure The Australian Chiropractor. Apr 1997: 7.
 
Hochman JI, S.O.T Category I: Dural Dysfunction Today's Chiro, Jan/Feb 1997;26 (1) :30-41.
 
Hochman JI, S.O.T. Category III: Care of the Low Back Patient, Today's Chiro, Nov/Dec 1996; 25(6) :32-36.
 
Hochman JI, S.O.T. Category II - Review and Completion, Today's Chiro, Sep/Oct 1996; 25 (5): 36-38.
 
Hochman JI , S.O.T.: General Adjusting Strategy and Category II Today's Chiro, Jul/Aug 1996; 25(4):50-55.
 
Rowe A, The Validity of Sacro Occipital Technique. Today's Chiro, May/Jun 1996; 25 (3):12.
 
Getzoff H. The sutural system of the cranium. Dynamic Chiropractic. May 6, 1996;14(10).
 
Hochman JI, Sacro Occipital Technique: The Categorization Procedure Today's Chiro, May/Jun 1996; 25 (3): 22-26.
 
Hochman JI, Sacro Occipital Technique: An Introduction Today's Chiro, Mar/Apr 1996;25 (2): 46-50.
 
Hammer W, The Dural Connection, Dynamic Chiropractic, February 12, 1996;14(4) [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/14/04/24.html].
 
Cooperstein R, American Back Society: Grand Rounds: Barometer of Professional Consciousness The Cinema-Verite of Back Pain  Dynamic Chiropractic  September 12,1995; 13(19)  [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/13/19/31.html]
 
Cooperstein R, American Back Society: ABS Fall Symposium: The Brave New World of Managed Care, Part II  Dynamic Chiropractic March 27, 1995; 13(7) [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/13/07/23.html]
 
Curl D, Cranial Manipulation and Head Pain Dynamic Chiropractic February 13, 1995; 13(4) [http://www.chiroweb.com/hg/13/04/08.html]
 
DeCamp ON, Objective Analysis of the Lumbo-Sacral Complex and Occiput, Today's Chiro, Sep/Oct 1994; 23(5):8-90
 
DeCamp ON, The TMJ and Dysfunction of the Lumbo-Pelvic Complex Today's Chiro, Jul/Aug 1994; 23(4) 20-25
 
Kotheimer WM, Applied Chiropractic In Reflex Analysis Of The Cranium. J Dig Chiro Econ. 1993 Nov/Dec; 3: 14-19.
 
Arcadi V Baby's First Adjustment Dynamic Chiropractic November 20, 1992;10(24)  [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/10/24/31.html]
 
Hochman JI, Analysis of the Cervical Spine, Today's Chiro, Jul/Aug 1992; 21(4): 15-20.
DeCamp ON , Pelvic Subluxation Patterns in the Sacro Occipital Technique, Today's Chiro, Jul/Aug 1992; 21(4) :32-36.
 
Sarkin JM, Bilateral Temporal Technique,  Chiro Econ, 1992 Jul/Aug; 35: 38.
 
Koffman D, Chiropractic Bids Adieu to Major Bertrand DeJarnette,  Dynamic Chiropractic, Jun 19, 1992; 10(13). [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/10/13/07.html]
 
Hospers LA, Brain Mapping (CEEG) Before and After SOT Category II Blocking of the Sacroiliac Joint: A Case Study, Today's Chiro, May/Jun 1992; 21(3):47-54??
 
Sarkin JM, Zygomatic Sutural Technique, J Dig Chiro Econ, 1992 Mar/Apr; 35: 48.
 
Hospers LA, Brain Mapping (CEEG) Before and After SOT Category II Blocking of the Sacroiliac Joint: A Case Study Privately Published 1991.
 
Sarkin JM, Occipital Approach Sphenobasilar Technique Digest of Chiropractic Economics 1991 Sep/Oct; 34:58
 
Sarkin JM, A Structural Approach to Craniomandibular Disorders, Dig Chiro Econ, May/Jun 1991; 33: 43-46
 
Unger JF, Category II Congruency Concept, Am Chiro, Apr 1991; 13:10-17
 
Boyd R, Bio Cranial Therapy - An Introduction. Dig Chiro Econ: 1991 Mar/Apr; 33: 22-3.
 
Unger JF, Precision Block Placement Indicator, Am Chiro, Mar 1991; 13: 8-11.
 
Arcadi V, How Do You Treat Hyperemesis Gravidarum (Morning Sickness)? Dynamic Chiropractic, March 29, 1991;9(7) [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/09/07/33.html]
 
Arcadi V, Infantile Colic -- Does Every Baby Have It?  Dynamic Chiropractic February 1, 1991; 9(3)  [http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/09/03/35.html]
 
Sarkin JM, Some Etiologies of Cranial Primary Respiratory Dysfunction, Dig Chiro Econ, Jan/Feb 1991; 33: 52.
 
DeCamp ON, Cranial Sacral Dysfunction and Sacral Segmental Subluxations, Am Chiro, Nov 1990;12 (11): 13-17
 
Getzoff, H, Sacro Occipital Technique (S.O.T.) A System of Chiropractic, Am Chiro, Aug 1990;12(8): 9
 
DeCamp ON, Diagnosis and correction of innominate subluxations Today's Chiropractic 1990 Jul: 19(4): 50-52
 
Hochman J, Accuracy in pelvic analysis Today's Chiropractic 1990 Jul: 19(4): 43-46.
 
Heese N, Viscerosomatic Pre- and Post- Ganglionic Technique, Dig Chiro Econ, Jul/Aug 1989;32(1): 67-68,70 .
 
Cohen D, Palpation Of Craniosacral Motion, Am Chiro 1989 May; 11:40-43.
 
Cohen D, The Nature of Palpation, Am Chiro 1989 Apr;11:38-40.
 
Cohen D, The Craniosacral Rhythmic Impulse, Am Chiro 1989 Mar; 11:54-9.
 
Sarkin JM, SOT Cranial Technique:An Introduction, Dig  Econ, Jan/Feb 1989; 31 (4):12.
 
Denton DG, Vector Point Cranial Therapy, Dig Chiro Econ, Nov/Dec 1988; 31(3): 30-35.
Heese N, Distortion Patterns Involving Plumb Line Analysis, Dig Chiro Econ, Sep/Oct 1988;51(2):70-73
 
Cottam C, Use Your Head: The Beginning of Cranial/Facial Adjusting - The Original Craniopathy, Dig Chiro Econ, Jul/Aug 1988;31(1):30-34
 
Buddingh CC, The Spheno-Maxilla Distortion Today’s Chiro: 1988 Jul/Aug; 17(4): 31-2.
 
Hochman JI, Evaluating Cranial Dysfunction, Today's Chiro, Jul/Aug 1988; 17(4): 7-30.
 
Cottam C, Cranial Confusion: Cottam's Chiropractic Craniopathy and Sutherland's Osteopathic Technique, Am Chiro, Jun 1988;73-76
 
Heese N, Distortion Patterns Involving Plumb Line Analysis, Am Chiro, Apr 1988; :32-34.
 
Heese N, Viscerosomatic Pre- and Post- Ganglionic Technique, Am Chiro, Mar 1988:16-22.
 
White JE, Baldt GA, High Blood Pressure Dig Chiro Econ 1987 Mar/Apr; 29(5): 40-1.
 
Sarkin JM, The Lateral Pterygoid Muscle: Its Significance in Craniomandibular Dysfunction, Dig Chiro Econ, Jan/Feb 1987;29(4)120-22.
 
Ford CW, Cranial Concepts in Chiropractic - Part II, Dig Chiro Econ Jan/Feb 1987;29(4): 18-20.
 
Ford CW, Cranial Concepts in Chiropractic - Part I, Dig Chiro Econ Nov/Dec 1986; 29(3): 30-3.
 
Smith, GH, Dental Bridgework may be the Source of Your Patient's Headache, Neckaches and Facial Pain Dig Chiro Econ Sep/Oct 1986; 29(2): 70,72.
 
DeJarnette MB, Sacro Occipital Technique, Today's Chiro, May/Jun 1986; 15(3):97-98.
 
White JE, Baldt GA PMS: A Manipulative Approach To Therapy Using Direct Craniofacial Technique Dig Chiro Econ 1986 May/Jun ; 28(5): 64-5,67.
 
Smith GH, Dural Fibrillation, Dig Chiro Econ, Mar/Apr 1986; 28(5): 121.
 
Sarkin JM, Sphenobasilar Torsion and its Significance in TMJ Disorders, Dig Chiro Econ, Jan/Feb 1986;28(4): 22.
 
Mladenoff E Kinesiology Korner: 21st Century Chiropractic Am Chiro 1985 Dec: 55.
 
Koffman DM, Technical Excellence The Next Key to Our Survival Dig Chiro Econ Jul/Aug 1984;27(1): 53,128.
 
DeJarnette MB, Cornerstone Am Chiro 1982 Jul/Aug; 82: 22,23,28,34.
 
Shelley, JR, Sphenobasilar Symphysis Technique and its Effect on Blood Volume Changes as Tested by Photoelectric Plesthysmography Privately Published 1982
 
Cottam C, MacGillivray Smith E, The Roots of Cranial Manipulation Nephi Cottam and "Craniopathy" Chiropractic History 1981 ; 1(1): 31-5.
 
Buddingh CC, Galinis MR A Brief Overview of The Stubborn Low Back & Category II Dig Chiro Econ 1980 Jul/Aug; 27(1): 72-3.
 
Denton DG Biomechanics of the Pelvis ACA Council on Technic: Denver, Colorado ; June1980 [ re-published in Basal Facts ; 8(4): 211-21 ].
 
Goodheart GJ, Schmitt WH, CranialTechnique: A Clarification of Certain Principles Dig Chiro Econ,Nov/Dec 1977; 20(3): 26-29,74.
 
Goodheart GJ, The Respiratory Function of the Skull Dig Chiropractic Economics, May/Jun 1966;8 (6): 20,66.
 
DeJarnette MB. Sacro occipital technique.  ICA Sci Rev. 1965;1:12-9.
 
 
SOTO-USA - SOT Research Conferences:

3rd Annual SOT Research Conference
 
Beck C. Vision induced migraine headaches: A case report. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 8-15.
 
Beck C. Vision induced chronic low back pain: A case report. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 16-24.
 
Belfor T.  Dentofacial orthopedics and maxillary morphogenesis: A case series. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 25-29.
 
Benner CD. CMRT and acupuncture in the treatment of dysmenorhea (oligomenorhea): 
A case report.  3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 30-35.
 
Blum CL. Chiropractic, sacro occipital technique, and treatment of patients with nonmusculoskeletal conditions such as asthma or allergies. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011:36-40 
 
Blum CL. Hyperhidrosis: Is there a chiropractic solution? 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 41-47. 
 
Blum CL, Gerardo RC. Cervical traction, TMJ disorders, chiropractic and dental co- 
treatment: A case report. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 48-53.
 
Butafava J, Dal Bello F. The alterations of the dyspeptic signs and symptoms of patients 
with gastritis following chiropractic treatment: A small randomized controlled study. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 54-57.
 
Getzoff H. SOT: Category Three:  Predictability of outcomes: A case series. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 58-64.
 
Getzoff H.  SOT procedures, case studies, and standard orthopedic testing: A case series, 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 65-72.
 
Hopkins L, Countryman J. One cause, one cure, one equation:  Enteric structural mechanics and enteric axial harmonics: A case report. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 73-80.
 
Power L, Blum CL. Adjusting a tooth?  A case series. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 81-85.
 
Pine D. Introduction of Ayurveda to Chiropractic, Building a Functional Bridge. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 86-101.
 
Rosen MG, BlumCL. Chiropractic care of a two year-old diagnosed with reflux and a 
hiatal hernia: A case report. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 102-106.
 
Tupper S, Blum CL. Triple occiput, sacro occipital technique, and chronic fatigue 
syndrome. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 107-110.
 
Vaughan, BS, Blum CL. Testing an amputee for physiological short leg. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 111-113.
 
Weinstein L. Nighttime Biofeedback as a Tool for the Reduction of Habitual Bruxism Activity and Related TMD Symptoms. 3rd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Nashville, Tennessee May 19, 2011: 114-124. 
 

2nd Annual SOT Research Conference
 
Feise R. Treating Rabbits with Sciatica: Does evidence support treating sciatica with traction? 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:8-9.
 
Shelley JR. Sacro occipital technique (SOT): A survey of SOT practitioner’s practice management. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 10-19.
 
Blum CL. Sacroiliac joint hypermobility syndrome: A chiropractic perspective survey. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 20-28.
 
Pederick FO, Blum CL. Does asymmetry matter? A challenge for sacro occipital technique? 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 29-39.
 
Blum CL. Investigating the ability of chiropractors to advertise on their website an expertise in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 40-48.
 
Blum CL. Investigating the ability of chiropractors to advertise on their website an expertise in the treatment of pediatric patients. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 49-57.
 
Benner CD, Blum CL. Integrating SOT and acupuncture for the treatment of asthma: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:58-61.
 
Bloink T, Rahimi M, Blum CL. Integration of SOT cranial therapy with an occlusal splint for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 62-65.
 
Blum CL, Mersky JA. Sleep apnea and anemia, is there a relationship? 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 66-69.
 
Boro WJ, Blum CL. A novel approach to testing foot mechanics and dysfunction utilizing SOT blocks: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 70-74
 
Bouchet C. A pilot study investigating the incidence of chiropractic care in learning disorders: A case series. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 75-78.
 
Buchakjian T. Chiropractic care in a 5-month-old female with vomiting, gastro-esophageal reflux, fussiness, frequent colds, and poor weight gain: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 79-82.
 
Colman M, Blum CL.  Chronic inner ear congestion of 17 years relieved by sacro occipital technique (SOT) chiropractic care: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 83-85.
 
Doucet D, Alcantara J. Improvement in a pediatric patient with craniosynostosis undergoing chiropractic care. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 86-88.
 
Forgosh B, Provencher S, Blum CL. Cranial bone imbalance, TMJ dysfunction, and craniocervical syndrome and its affect on the sucking reflex in a two month-old female infant: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:89-92.
 
Forgosh B, Provencher S, Blum CL. Successful resolution of congenital torticollis with non-synostotic deformational plagiocephaly in a three-month-old infant: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 93-96.
 
Généreux C, Alcantara J. The chiropractic care of a child with birth trauma. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 97-100.
 
Hopkins L, Countryman J, Blum CL. Investigating new bonds in patient care to develop an engineering platform for the health care sector: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:  
101-105.
 
Koury-Hajal S. Chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy in a 32-year-old female with neck pain, rib cage asymmetry, unicornuate uterus and persistent infertility. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 106-108.
 
Keenan NP. Improvements in occulomotor, auditory function and range of motion in a child with Down syndrome undergoing chiropractic care. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 109-112.
 
Mersky JA, Blum CL. SOT and ART treatment of a 73 year old male post stroke with L4/L5 foraminal stenosis: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 113-116.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL. SOT treatment of a 2 ½ year old female with a 35° scoliosis and two hemivertebra: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:117-121.
 
Rosen MG, Blum CL. Chiropractic care of pediatric nonmusculoskeletal conditions: A retrospective patient survey. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:122-124.
 
Salem AR. Balancing the pelvis post partial hip replacement: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:125-128.
 
Shirazi D, Gerardo RC, Blum CL. Dental chiropractic interdisciplinary care of three patients with different conditions yet similar symptom presentation: A case series. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 129-136.
 
Simmons D, Blum CL. Cranial treatment for a patient presenting with Down syndrome: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 137-140.
 
Smith GH. Occlusal cranial balancing technique. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:141-145
 
Sonners MD. Can chiropractic adjustments help decrease the incidence of acute otitis media? 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 146-149.
 
Thompson JE, Bockhold H, Blum CL. Utilizing sacro occipital technique chiropractic methodologies on an equine: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 150-152.
 
Tweg T. Category II and incontinence: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:153-157.
 
Williams DE, Lynch JE, Doshi V, Singh GD, Hargens AR. Bruxism and temporal bone hypermobility in patients with multiple sclerosis. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010:158.
 
Wittman RA.  Chiropractic care of a child with sensory processing disorder, speech delay, constipation, and poor sleep: A case report. 2nd Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. October 28, 2010: 159-161.
 
 
1st Annual SOT Research Conference
 
Barr TM. Sacro occipital technique, stability testing, and Tai Chi or yoga: A case report.  1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 8-11.
 
Bloink T. SOT Cranial and TMJ therapy for unresolved BPPV: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 12-14.
 
Blum CL, Panahpour A.  TMD - chiropractic and dentistry: Two case reports. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 15-16.
 
Cashman S, Eaton S, Bonello R, Leslie J. The relationship between the trapezius muscle and spinal segments T1 to L5. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 17-18.
 
Chinappi AS, Jr. Unity of form and function - a new dental paradigm: A case series. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 19-21.
 
Dal Bello F, DC, Dal Bello V, Santos LN, Raupp JM. Alterations on dyspeptic signs and symptoms on patients presenting with gastroesophageal reflux disease receiving chiropractic treatment. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 22-23.
 
Dal Bello F, Borilli F. A research on the effects of the chiropractic treatment on individuals with malocclusion as an aid to the orthodontic treatment. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 24-25.
 
Dal Bello F, Borilli F.  Pain alterations on the temporo mandibular joint in individuals with malocclusion after chiropractic treatment. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 26-27.
 
Darragh S. Attention deficit hyperactive disorder of a 7 year old child utilizing chiropractic and sacro occipital technique procedures. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 28-30.
 
Blum CL, DeJarnette MB. (Deceased) The development of SOT occipital fiber technique: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 31-33.
 
Gerardo RC. Patient with severe tremors, complex pain syndrome, and migraines co-treated with dental and SOT chiropractic care: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 34-37.
 
Getzoff IH. Disc technique, differential diagnosis and treatment methodology: Two case reports. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 38-41.
 
Getzoff IH. Cervicocranial and craniocervical syndromes: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 42-44.
 
Jaudy GS, Blum CL. Fibromyalgia syndrome, trauma induced, and sacro occipital technique: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 45-48.
 
Kierstyn S, Blum CL. Sacro occipital technique, cranial technique, “faux” fibromyalgia syndrome and self-reported improvement in vision: A report of four patients. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 49-52.
 
Klingensmith RD. Chiropractic manipulative reflex technique (CMRT) treatment for GERD of a 3 year old male child: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 53-55.
 
Langer C. The effects of SOT category blocking procedures on lower extremity function in high performance athletes: A case series.  1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 56-60
 
Mersky JA, Halligan W. Dental chiropractic co-treatment of patient presenting with chronic severe fibromyalgia, head, neck, and jaw pain with depression. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 61-64.
 
Mitchell GA. Sacro occipital technique treatment of hiatal (hiatus) hernia presentation: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 65-67.
 
Pederick FO. Effects of pregnancy on Cranial Structures.  1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 68-71.
 
Remeta EM, Blum CL. Chiropractic cranial treatment protocol increases successful outcome of the multidisciplinary care model for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients: A case series. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 72-74
 
Rosen MG. SOT chiropractic care of a six-year old boy diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome and related conditions. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 75-77.
 
Salem AR. Sacro occipital technique treatment of patient with pervasive craniofacial and body pains secondary to chronic TMD: A Case Report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 78-80.
 
Shelley JR. Pregnancy, sacroiliac joint laxity, and the SOT category two pelvic distortion: A case series.  1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 81-85.
 
Taylor NA. The relationship between a C2 subluxation and vital signs in a Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy patient: A case report. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 86-88.
 
Thompson JE, Bockhold H, Blum CL. Sacro Occipital Technique: Occipital fiber technique on canine. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 89-91.
 
Thompson JE, Bockhold H, Blum CL. Sacro Occipital Technique: Occipital fiber technique on equine. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 92-94.
 
Williamson WP. Exercises and stretches to facilitate SOT blocking treatments category one and category two: A case series. 1st Annual Sacro Occipital Technique Research Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 22, 2009: 95-98
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